Table 1: Body weight gain in loperamide-induced constipated rats during oral treatment of the test agents.

GroupsBody weights atBody weight gains
(B − A)
Initiation of treatment (A)*5th treatment dayLast 6th treatment day (B)*

Controls
 Vehicle208.80 ± 4.97263.00 ± 9.06234.80 ± 9.12 26.00 ± 4.53
 Loperamide207.40 ± 3.97258.20 ± 4.09232.20 ± 5.76 24.80 ± 3.42
Single formula
 FRe 5 mg/kg209.60 ± 6.31257.60 ± 7.50233.20 ± 8.44 23.60 ± 3.65
 FRe 10 mg/kg209.00 ± 5.48260.00 ± 12.06233.60 ± 9.81 24.60 ± 4.67
 Yoghurt208.80 ± 8.23259.40 ± 11.87234.60 ± 11.72 25.80 ± 3.90
Mixed formula
 BFRe 0.05%209.00 ± 7.52256.00 ± 8.51232.00 ± 9.14 23.00 ± 2.55
 BFRe 0.1%211.40 ± 4.88262.40 ± 7.23236.20 ± 5.81 24.80 ± 1.10
 BFRe 1%209.60 ± 3.65258.80 ± 0.84235.40 ± 2.79 25.80 ± 1.48

Values are expressed as means ± SD of five rats, g.
Yoghurt: Bulgaris, a brand of commercial yoghurt (Namyang, Korea).
FRe: fermented rice extracts.
BFRe: mixed formula consisting of yoghurt and the appropriate percentages (0.05, 0.1, and 1%) of FRe.
All solutions were administered as 10 mL/kg doses.
*Fasted overnight.