Table 2: Fecal parameters in loperamide-induced constipated rats after oral treatment of the test agents.

GroupsFecal Parameters
NumbersWet weights (g)Dry weights (g)Water contents (%)

Controls
 Vehicle16.40 ± 2.07 3.07 ± 0.88 1.24 ± 0.37 58.82 ± 7.79
 Loperamide 6.00 ± 2.00a 0.89 ± 0.37e 0.77 ± 0.32a 14.09 ± 3.10a
Single formula
 FRe 5 mg/kg11.20 ± 0.84ac 1.73 ± 0.58fh 1.16 ± 0.30d 31.68 ± 8.49ac
 FRe 10 mg/kg12.40 ± 1.14ac 1.82 ± 0.37fg 1.08 ± 0.19 40.26 ± 6.49ac
 Yoghurt13.40 ± 2.97bc 1.97 ± 0.37fg 1.09 ± 0.20 44.63 ± 4.12ac
Mixed formula
 BFRe 0.05%13.80 ± 1.92bc 2.02 ± 0.34g 1.04 ± 0.09 47.94 ± 6.01bc
 BFRe 0.1%16.00 ± 1.22c 2.16 ± 0.61g 1.04 ± 0.30 51.28 ± 8.82c
 BFRe 1%16.80 ± 2.59c 2.37 ± 0.55g 1.03 ± 0.12 55.14 ± 10.20c

Values are expressed as mean ± SD of five rats.
Yoghurt: Bulgaris, a brand of commercial yoghurt (Namyang, Korea).
FRe: fermented rice extracts.
BFRe: mixed formula consisting of yoghurt and the appropriate percentages (0.05, 0.1 and 1%) of FRe.
All solutions were administered as 10 mL/kg doses.
a and b compared with the vehicle control by the LSD test.
c and d compared with the loperamide control by the LSD test.
e and f compared with the vehicle control by the MW test.
g and h compared with the loperamide control by the MW test.