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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 892619, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/892619
Research Article

Electroacupuncture for Bladder Function Recovery in Patients Undergoing Spinal Anesthesia

1Division of Anesthesia, Guang An Men Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100053, China
2Division of Internal Medicine, Guang An Men Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100053, China
3Division of Urology, Guang An Men Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, No. 5 Bei Xian Ge Street, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, China

Received 17 September 2014; Accepted 10 December 2014; Published 24 December 2014

Academic Editor: Christian Lehmann

Copyright © 2014 Yinqiu Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To determine the efficacy of electroacupuncture on recovering postanesthetic bladder function. Materials and Methods. Sixty-one patients undergoing spinal anaesthesia were recruited and allocated into electroacupuncture or control group randomly. Patients in electroacupuncture group received electroacupuncture therapy whereas ones in control group were not given any intervention. Primary endpoint was incidence of bladder overdistension and postoperative urinary retention. Secondary endpoints included time to spontaneous micturition, voided volume, and adverse events. Results. All patients (31 in electroacupuncture group and 30 in control group) completed the evaluation. During postoperative follow-up, patients in electroacupuncture group presented a significant lower proportion of bladder overdistension than counterparts in control group (16.1% versus 53.3%, P < 0.01). However, no significant difference was found in incidence of postoperative urinary retention between the two groups (0% versus 6.7%, P > 0.05). Furthermore, a shorter time to spontaneous micturition was found in electroacupuncture group compared to control group (228 min versus 313 min, P < 0.001), whereas urine volume and adverse events had no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions. Electroacupuncture reduced the proportion of bladder overdistension and shortened the time to spontaneous micturition in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia. Electroacupuncture may be a therapeutic strategy for postanesthetic bladder dysfunction.