Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

American Ginseng Extract (Panax quinquefolius L.) Is Safe in Long-Term Use in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Table 1

Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of study subjects.

VariablesGroup
InterventionControl

Sample size ( )3539
Gender (male/female)13/2215/240.907
Age (years) 0.447
Weight (kg) 0.071
BMI (kg/m2) 0.017
WHR (male) 0.282
WHR (female) (%) 0.052
HbA1c (%) 0.466
FPG (mmol/L) 0.043
Antihypertensive agents35390.076
 Number taking 1 agent/≥2 agents20/1521/18
 Number taking specific agentsBB (8), CCB (9), ACE (16), ARB (0), TD (1), -B (1), mox (2), fixed comb. (19)#BB (5), CCB (9), ACE (24), ARB (2), TD (3), -B (1), mox (2), fixed comb. (17)#
Oral hypoglycemic agents 35300.326
 Number taking 1 agent/≥2 agents10/2516/14
 Number taking specific agentsMET (25), SULF (27), DPP-4 inh (6), GLP-1 (1), MET + TZD (1), ACA (3)MET (23), SULF (16), DPP-4 inh (5), GLP-1 (0), MET + TZD (0), ACA (1)
Hypolipemic agents27340.707
 Number taking 1 agent/≥2 agents22/530/4
 Number taking specific agentsSTAT (24), FIB (7), EZE (0), fixed comb. (1)##STAT (32), FIB (4), EZE (1), fixed comb. (1)##

Data expressed as mean ± SD.
BMI: body mass index; WHR: waist-to-hip ratio; HbA1c: glycated hemoglobin; FPG: fasting plasma glucose.
ACE indicates angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; ARB: angiotensin receptor blocker; BB: -blocker; CCB: calcium channel blocker; TD: thiazide diuretic; -B: alpha-blocker; mox: moxonidin (central alpha adrenergic agonist); MET: metformin; SULF: sulfonylurea; DPP-4 inh: dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor; GLP-1: glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist; ACA: acarbose; TZD: thiazolidinediones; STAT: statin; FIB: fibrate; EZE: ezetemibe; fixed comb.: fixed-dose combination antihypertensives.
#ACE + D; ARB + D; ACE + CCB.
##STAT + EZE.
value by the independent -test or the Yates corrected chi-square test, as appropriate.

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