Table 3: List of plants having antioxidative and anticholinesterase activity.

PlantActive compoundsPropertiesReferences

Acorus calamus α-asarone, β-asrone, eugenolAntioxidative, anticholinesterase[13]
Adhatoda vasica Vasicine, vasicol, vasicinol, arachidic, cerotic, linoleic, oleic acidsAnticholinesterase[10]
Bacopa monnieri Bacoside, brahmin, herpestine, d-mannitol, luteolin, apigenin Anticholinesterase[14]
Brassica species Brassicasterol, sinapic acid, sinapineAnti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anticholinesterase[1517]
Buddleja salviifolia Phenols, flavonoids, proanthocyanidinsAntioxidative, anticholinesterase[18]
Chamaecrista mimosoides Phenols, flavonoids, proanthocyanidinsAntioxidative, anticholinesterase[18]
Corydalis species AChE inhibition[19]
Corydalis ternate Protopine Anticholinesterase, antiamnesic[20]
Cymbopogon schoenanthus Piperitone, 2-careneAntioxidative, anticholinesterase, antimicrobial[21]
Ferula assafoetida Cadinene, eremophileneAnti-COX-1[10]
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgetin, ginkoglides-A, BAnticholinesterase[14]
Myricaria elegans Crude extractAnticholinesterase, antilipooxygenase[22]
Nardostachys jatamansi Angelicin, β-eudesmol, calarene, calarenol, elemol, nardol, oroselolAntioxidative, anticholinesterase[13]
Origanum ehrenbergii Carvacrol, thymolAntioxidative, anti-inflammatory[23]
Origanum syriacum Carvacrol, thymolAntioxidative, anti-inflammatory, anticholinesterase[23]
Peganum harmala Norharmane, harmine, harmalolAnticholinesterase[10]
Piper nigrum Piperine Antioxidative, anticholinesterase[11]
Ptychopetalum olacoides Lupeol, α, β-pineneAnticholinesterase[24]
Salvia lavandulaefolia Essential oil, terpenesAnticholinesterase[25]
Salvia miltiorrhizaDiterpenoid Anticholinesterase[26]
Salvia miltiorrhiza Terpenes, tanshinones Anticholinesterase[26, 27]
Salvia officinalis PolyphenolsAntioxidative, anticholinesterase[28, 29]
Salvia plebeian Essential oilAntioxidative[30]
Salvia tiliifolia Phenols, flavonoids, proanthocyanidinsAntioxidative, inhibition of cholinesterase[18]
Salvia triloba Rosmarinic acid, ferulic acid, luteolin, quercetinAntioxidative, anticholinesterase[11]
Schotia brachypetala (root) Phenols, flavonoids, proanthocyanidinsAntioxidative, anticholinesterase[18]
Schotia brachypetala (bark) Phenols, flavonoids, proanthocyanidinsAntioxidative, anticholinesterase[18]
Syzygium aromaticum Eugenol, trans-β-caryophyllene, α-humuleneAnti-COX-1[10]
Tabernaemontana divaricata Voafinidine, lupeol, α-amyrin, β-sitosterolAnticholinesterase[31]
Terminalia chebula Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucoseAnticholinesterase[32]
Zingiber officinale Gingerol, shogaol, zingeroneAnti-COX-1[10]