Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Short-Term Effects of Kinesio Taping and Cross Taping Application in the Treatment of Latent Upper Trapezius Trigger Points: A Prospective, Single-Blind, Randomized, Sham-Controlled Trial

Table 2

Comparison between preintervention, postintervention, and follow-up results in each group.

OutcomesGroupMeasurement value
PreinterventionPostinterventionFollow-up(main effect of Friedman ANOVA)

Resting bioelectrical activity (µV)
Mean ± SD
CT6.8 ± 4.84.5 ± 2.74.2 ± 2.6
KT6.2 ± 4.35.0 ± 3.34.6 ± 2.8
Sham7.4 ± 7.64.7 ± 2.53.9 ± 1.9

Visual analogue scale (VAS)
Mean ± SD
CT7.2 ± 1.25.8 ± 1.65.1 ± 1.8
KT6.8 ± 1.84.0 ± 2.05.2 ± 2.4
Sham6.4 ± 1.65.7 ± 2.04.9 ± 2.2

The range of flexion movement (cm)
Mean ± SD
CT2.6 ± 0.72.0 ± 0.51.4 ± 0.9
KT3.1 ± 1.02.2 ± 1.01.7 ± 1.1
Sham3.1 ± 0.82.7 ± 0.92.4 ± 0.7

The range of extension movement (cm)
Mean ± SD
CT8.0 ± 1.28.0 ± 1.68.0 ± 1.1
KT7.8 ± 1.67.9 ± 1.58.6 ± 1.6
Sham8.1 ± 1.37.6 ± 1.08.6 ± 1.2

The range of left lateral flexion movement (cm)
Mean ± SD
CT5.3 ± 1.35.2 ± 1.05.9 ± 0.9
KT5.4 ± 1.26.0 ± 0.96.0 ± 0.8
Sham5.3 ± 1.05.5 ± 0.75.9 ± 0.7

The range of right lateral flexion movement (cm)
Mean ± SD
CT5.2 ± 1.15.4 ± 1.25.7 ± 1.0
KT5.3 ± 1.15.8 ± 1.05.8 ± 0.9
Sham5.4 ± 0.95.4 ± 0.76.0 ± 0.6

Post hoc analysis:
Statistically significant comparison between pre- and postresults ().
Statistically significant comparison between pre- and follow-up results ().
Statistically significant comparison between post- and follow-up results ().