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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 343201, 7 pages
Research Article

Actigraph Evaluation of Acupuncture for Treating Restless Legs Syndrome

1Department of Neurology, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of TCM, 528, Zhangheng Road, Pu-Dong New Area, Shanghai 201203, China
2Department of Neurology, Pudong New Area Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 460, Xiuchuan Road, Pu-Dong New Area, Shanghai 201200, China
3Center for Disease Biology and Integrative Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
4Educational Physiology Laboratory, Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

Received 9 October 2014; Accepted 26 November 2014

Academic Editor: Gerhard Litscher

Copyright © 2015 Weidong Pan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We evaluated the effects of acupuncture in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) by actigraph recordings. Among the 38 patients with RLS enrolled, 31 (, ; mean age, years old) completed the study. Patients were treated with either standard acupuncture or randomized acupuncture in a single-blind manner for 6 weeks. Changes in nocturnal activity (NA) and early sleep activity (ESA) between week 0 (baseline), week 2, week 4, and week 6 were assessed using leg actigraph recordings, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Rating Scale (IRLSRS), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Standard but not randomized acupuncture reduced the abnormal leg activity of NA and ESA significantly in week 2, week 4, and week 6 based on the changes in the clinical scores for IRLSRS and ESS in week 4 and week 6 compared with the baseline. No side effects were observed. The results indicate that standard acupuncture might improve the abnormal leg activity in RLS patients and thus is a potentially suitable integrative treatment for long-term use.