Table 1: Characteristics of the essential oils.

NameAbbreviation in FiguresScientific name Major component

BenzoinBEStyrax benzoinBenzoic acid, benzyl benzoate, benzyl alcohol
Bergamot BMCitrus bergamiaLinalyl acetate, limonene, linalool
ChamomileCHMatricaria chamomillaChamazulene, -bisabolol, farnesene
CloveCLSyzygium aromaticumEugenol, -caryophyllene, nerol
Damask roseDRRosa damascena Citronellol, geraniol, nerol
EucalyptusEUEucalyptus globulus1,8-Cineole
FennelFEFoeniculum vulgareAnethole, fenchone, limonene
FrankincenseFRBoswellia carteriα-Pinene, dipentene, cadinene
GeraniumGEPelargonium graveolensCitronellol, geraniol, limonene, β-caryophyllene
GingerGIZingiber officinaleβ-Phellandrene, gingerol, α-zingiberene,
β-zingiberene
GrapefruitGRCitrus paradisiLimonene, myrcene, α-pinene
KabosuKBCitrus sphaerocarpaLimonene, myrcene
LavenderLALavandula angustifoliaLinalool, linalyl acetate
Lemon LECitrus limonLimonene, α-pinene, β-pinene
LimeLICitrus aurantifoliap-Cymene, α-terpineol, terpinolene
MandarinMDCitrus reticulata var. mandarinγ-Terpinene, α-pinene, β-pinene
MyrrhMICommiphora myrrhaCuminaldehyde, limonene, α-pinene
NeroliNECitrus aurantium var. amaraLinalool, limonene, trans-ocimene
OrangeORCitrus sinensisd-Limonene, myrcene, octanal
RosalinaRSMelaleuca ericifoliaLinalool, 1,8 cineol, d-limonene
RoseRORosaCitronellol, geraniol
RosemaryRMRosmarinus officinalis Camphene, α-pinene, β-pinene
RosewoodRWAniba rosaeodoraLinalool, α-terpineol
St. John’s wortSWHypericum perforatumα-Pinene, β-pinene, germacrene D
Ylang YlangYYCananga Odorata var. genuina Germacrene D, β-caryophyllene, methyl benzoate, linalool