Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Differences between Male and Female Consumers of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in a National US Population: A Secondary Analysis of 2012 NIHS Data

Table 2

Weighted logistic regression models of CAM use*.

Overall modelMen onlyWomen only
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI

Female12.752.503.030.00
Region of USA
 Midwest21.431.241.650.001.190.941.500.161.691.392.050.00
 South0.700.600.820.000.870.701.090.240.630.520.780.00
 West2.872.463.350.001.781.412.260.003.212.613.930.00
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White33.012.703.360.005.934.457.910.002.111.812.460.00
 Non-Hispanic Black0.700.580.840.003.032.114.330.000.430.340.540.00
 Non-Hispanic Asian0.140.110.180.000.440.250.760.000.880.651.190.40
 Non-Hispanic Other1.340.812.230.263.471.677.210.001.070.532.180.85
Education
 High school graduate and some degree41.151.031.300.022.601.933.500.000.890.761.040.13
 Bachelor degree1.931.652.260.004.002.885.550.001.461.191.810.00
 Master degree and higher 5.334.496.340.005.583.937.910.005.914.647.530.00
Personal earning in the past year (US$)
 $10,000–$19,99951.070.851.360.560.910.611.360.651.000.751.340.99
 $20,000–$34,9991.391.121.720.001.130.801.590.491.190.901.570.22
 $35,000–$54,9990.760.610.940.010.500.350.710.001.190.891.580.24
 $55,000–$74,9991.661.292.140.001.020.701.480.921.521.062.180.02
 $75,000+1.511.191.930.001.030.731.450.881.230.831.800.30
 Refused to report or do not know2.301.872.820.000.680.470.970.043.712.814.890.00
 Did not work in the past year 1.100.931.310.270.790.581.080.140.890.711.120.33
Marital status/relationship
 Divorced or separated61.571.391.760.001.110.911.360.302.061.752.410.00
 Widowed2.061.812.340.003.062.413.890.002.852.393.390.00
 Never married 0.990.851.140.840.950.781.160.610.970.791.190.76
Family spending on medical care
 $1–4990.710.620.810.001.501.171.930.000.500.420.600.00
 $500–19990.610.520.710.000.980.751.280.900.680.560.840.00
 $2000–29991.841.552.180.000.830.591.180.303.983.125.080.00
 $3000–49991.070.841.370.581.791.242.600.000.960.711.310.81
 $5000+70.920.731.170.511.290.901.860.171.010.731.380.97

CAM use: use at least one CAM modality vs. no CAM use at all. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval.
1Reference = male; 2reference = Northeast; 3reference = Hispanics; 4reference = less than high school; 5reference = less than $10,000; 6reference = married or living together; 7reference = 0.

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