Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Differences between Male and Female Consumers of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in a National US Population: A Secondary Analysis of 2012 NIHS Data

Table 3

Comparison of the reasons, motivations, and outcomes for using the first top CAM therapy by gender ( = 10,181).

Perceived benefits Male ( = 3,880)%Female ()% value

Reasons
 For general wellness or general disease prevention62.266.8<0.001
 To improve energy28.438.5<0.001
 To improve immune function23.228.4<0.001
 To improve athletic or sports performance23.718.3<0.001
 To improve memory or concentration16.018.20.024
Motivations
 To eat healthier20.227.3<0.001
 To eat more organic foods11.914.20.009
 To cut back on or stop drinking alcohol ( = 7,082)17.07.10.873
 To cut back on or stop smoking cigarettes ( = 1,509)213.315.10.427
 To exercise more regularly22.830.0<0.001
Outcome<0.001
 Gave a sense of control over one’s health36.843.8<0.001
 Reduced stress level or relaxation41.954.5<0.001
 Better sleep36.143.4<0.001
 Feeling better emotionally33.645.2<0.001
 Made it easier to cope with health problems32.537.5<0.001
 Improved overall health and feeling better67.371.10.001
 Improved relationship with others 20.122.60.024
 Improved attendance at job or school ( = 7514)316.216.80.562
How much the first therapy helped with the most important reasons for CAM use ( = 9,110)4<0.001
 A great deal37.245.2
 Some44.041.8
 Only a little15.310.5
 Not at all3.62.5
Used first of top three therapies for specific health problems43.042.90.924
How much the first therapy helped with specific health problems ( = 4,353)4<0.001
 A great deal47.556.0
 Some36.531.6
 Only a little11.79.1
 Not at all4.33.4

Sample adults 18+ who have used first of top three modalities and who have consumed alcohol in the past 12 months.
2Sample adults 18+ who have used first of top three modalities and who currently smoke every day or some days.
3Sample adults 18+ who have used first of top three modalities and who worked or attended school in the past year.
4Sample adults 18+ who have used first of top three modalities and two or more reasons for seeing a practitioner/using modality chosen.

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