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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 475340, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/475340
Research Article

Barriers to Research Utilization among Registered Nurses in Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospitals: A Cross-Sectional Survey in China

1Nursing School, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 North Third Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China
2Department of General Practice, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15/1, 1090 Vienna, Austria
3Nursing Administration Department, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Third Affiliated Hospital, 51 Andingmengwai Xiaoguan Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China
4Department of Clinical Nursing, Nursing School, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 North Third Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China
5Center for Nursing Research, Nursing School, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 North Third Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China

Received 22 July 2015; Revised 30 September 2015; Accepted 12 October 2015

Academic Editor: Jonathan L. Wardle

Copyright © 2015 Fen Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. As there might be relevant differences with regard to research utilization in the general hospitals, we aimed to study research utilization among registered nurses working in traditional Chinese medicine hospitals. Methods. A total of 648 registered nurses from 4 tertiary-level hospitals in China were recruited for participation. A modified BARRIERS Scale and self-designed questionnaires were used for data collection. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, -tests, and one-way ANOVAs and Spearman correlation analysis. Results. Overall, items which belong to the subscale “Research” were identified as the most important barriers. Among the individual items, the lack of time on the job was ranked as the top barrier, followed by the lack of knowledgeable colleagues and by overwhelming research publications. Clinical experience, working pressure, job satisfaction, and research experience could be identified as associated factors for barriers to research utilization. Conclusions. Registered nurses in traditional Chinese medicine hospitals felt high barriers to research utilization. Reducing registered nurses’ working pressure, promoting their positive attitude to nursing, and improving research training might be helpful for increasing research utilization. Close cooperation between clinical and nursing schools or academic research centres might facilitate the necessary change in nursing education and routine.