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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 624132, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/624132
Research Article

A Novel Korean Red Ginseng Compound Gintonin Inhibited Inflammation by MAPK and NF-κB Pathways and Recovered the Levels of mir-34a and mir-93 in RAW 264.7 Cells

1Laboratory of Veterinary Physiology & Cell Signaling, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea
2Laboratory of Medical Imaging, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea
3Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu 41944, Republic of Korea
4Laboratory of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea
5Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Republic of Korea
6College of Korean Medicine, Daegu Haany University, Daegu 42158, Republic of Korea
7Research Center, Dongnam Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Busan 46033, Republic of Korea
8Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and BioMolecular Informatics Center, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea

Received 5 June 2015; Accepted 6 August 2015

Academic Editor: Raffaele Capasso

Copyright © 2015 Evelyn Saba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The beneficial health promoting effects of ginseng from vitalizing the body to enhancing long life have been well explored very rapidly in the past few years. Up till now many ginsenosides have been discovered for their marvelous therapeutic effects. However during past three years, a novel ginseng compound has been discovered, called gintonin, that differs from other ginsenosides on the basis of its signal transduction and chemical nature. Gintonin has been widely studied for its anti-Alzheimer’s disease activities and other neuropathies. However, its anti-inflammatory activity remained unexplored. In our study we have reported for the first time the anti-inflammatory activity of gintonin on RAW 264.7 cells. We found that gintonin potently suppresses the nitric oxide production without any cytotoxicity at given doses and also efficiently suppressed the levels of proinflammatory cytokines. Moreover, it mediaes its signal transduction via MAPK and NF-κB pathways and revives the levels of mir-34a and mir-93. These findings are valuable for the anti-inflammatory effects of this new compound with particular reference to microRNA involvement in the ginseng family.