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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 631410, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/631410
Research Article

From Body to Mind and Spirit: Qigong Exercise for Bereaved Persons with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome-Like Illness

1Renmin University of China, 59 Zhongguancun Street, 1007 Block D, Huixian Building, Haidian, Beijing 100872, China
2Department of Social Work and Social Administration, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
3Centre on Behavioral Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
4International Association for Health and Yangsheng, Happy Valley, Hong Kong

Received 3 June 2015; Accepted 18 June 2015

Academic Editor: Cheryl Hawk

Copyright © 2015 Jie Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Bereavement may bring negative impacts on the mind, body, and spiritual well-being of grieving persons. Some bereaved persons with chronic fatigue syndrome- (CFS-) illness experience a dual burden of distress. This study investigated the effects of bereavement on CFS-like illness by comparing bereaved and nonbereaved participants. It also adopted a random group design to investigate the effectiveness of Qigong on improving the well-being of bereaved participants. The Qigong intervention comprised 10 group sessions delivered twice a week for 5 weeks and home-practice for at least three times a week lasting 15–30 minutes each. The participants’ fatigue, anxiety, and depression, quality of life (QoL), and spiritual well-being were measured at baseline and 3 months after treatment. The bereaved participants experienced significantly greater mental fatigue (16.09 versus 14.44, ) and lower physical QoL (34.02 versus 37.17, ) than their nonbereaved counterparts. After 3 months, the mental fatigue (−8 versus −4, ) and physical fatigue (−10 versus −5, ) experienced by intervention group had declined significantly, and improvements on their spirituality (14 versus −2, ) and psychological QoL (8.91 versus 0.69, ) scores exceeded those of the control group.