Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 670963, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/670963
Research Article

The Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture for Functional Constipation: A Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial

1Second Clinic Medical School, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210000, China
2Department of Acupuncture, People’s Hospital of Jurong, Road 60, West Street of Huayang Town, Jurong, Zhenjiang 212400, China
3Anorectal Department, Third Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China

Received 21 May 2014; Revised 25 July 2014; Accepted 12 September 2014

Academic Editor: Jieyun Yin

Copyright © 2015 Nili Da et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. F. Longstreth, W. G. Thompson, W. D. Chey, L. A. Houghton, F. Mearin, and R. C. Spiller, “Functional bowel disorders,” Gastroenterology, vol. 130, no. 5, pp. 1480–1491, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. D. R. Higgins and J. F. Johanson, “Epidemiology of constipation in North America: a systematic review,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 750–759, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. López-Colombo, D. Morgan, D. Bravo-González, A. Montiel-Jarquín, S. Méndez-Martínez, and M. Schmulson, “The epidemiology of functional gastrointestinal disorders in Mexico: a population-based study,” Gastroenterology Research and Practice, vol. 2012, Article ID 606174, 8 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. N. Iraji, A. H. Keshteli, S. Sadeghpour, P. Daneshpajouhnejad, M. Fazel, and P. Adibi, “Constipation in Iran: Sepahan systematic review no. 5,” International Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 3, supplement 1, pp. 34–41, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. Li, Y. Wang, and L. Tang, “Research progress of functional constipation,” Chinese Journal of Gerontology, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 2372–2375, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Ke and Y. Wang, “Progress in epidemiological study of the elderly and chronic constipation,” Practical Geriatrics, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 92–94, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  7. Yanfeng, “Harm and treatment of constipation in children,” Chinese Medicine Guide, vol. 11, no. 18, pp. 793–794, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  8. C. Li, “The harm of constipation in the elderly and common treatment methods,” Inner Mongolia Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 31–32, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. Belsey, S. Greenfield, D. Candy, and M. Geraint, “Systematic review: impact of constipation on quality of life in adults and children,” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 938–949, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Sethi, S. Mikami, J. Leclair et al., “Inpatient burden of constipation in the United States: an analysis of national trends in the United States from 1997 to 2010,” The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 250–256, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Müller-Lissner, J. Tack, Y. Feng, F. Schenck, and R. S. Gryp, “Levels of satisfaction with current chronic constipation treatment options in Europe—an internet survey,” Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 137–145, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Ma, J. Gan, and Q. Wang, “The clinical development of acupuncture and moxibustion in treating constipation,” Yunnan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 60–63, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  13. Y. Wang, B. Pei, and W. Zhang, “The ancient literature research on acupuncture treatment of constipation,” Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 67–69, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  14. L. Huang and Y. Huang, Acupuncture Point of General, People's Medical Publishing House, Beijing, China, 2011.
  15. A. F. Molsberger, J. Manickavasagan, H. H. Abholz, W. B. Maixner, and H. G. Endres, “Acupuncture points are large fields: the fuzziness of acupuncture point localization by doctors in practice,” European Journal of Pain, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1264–1270, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. W.-N. Peng, L. Wang, Z.-S. Liu et al., “Analysis on follow-up efficacy and safety of slow transit constipation treated with individualized deep puncture at Tianshu (ST 25): a multi-central randomized controlled trial,” Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 865–869, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. X. Duan and Z. S. Liu, “Review on the safety of deep acupuncture at Tianshu (ST 25),” Acupuncture Research, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 232–235, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Luo, S. Liu, X. Xie, and X. Hou, “Electroacupuncture at acupoint ST-36 promotes contractility of distal colon via a cholinergic pathway in conscious rats,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 689–693, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Iwa, M. Matsushima, Y. Nakade, T. N. Pappas, M. Fujimiya, and T. Takahashi, “Electroacupuncture at ST-36 accelerates colonic motility and transit in freely moving conscious rats,” American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, vol. 290, no. 2, pp. G285–G292, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Liu, H. Huang, X. Xu, and J. D. Z. Chen, “Effects and possible mechanisms of acupuncture at ST36 on upper and lower abdominal symptoms induced by rectal distension in healthy volunteers,” The American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol. 303, no. 2, pp. R209–R217, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Chen, G.-Q. Song, J. Yin, T. Koothan, and J. D. Z. Chen, “Electroacupuncture improves impaired gastric motility and slow waves induced by rectal distension in dogs,” American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, vol. 295, no. 3, pp. G614–G620, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus