Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Analysis of Individual Variations in Autonomic Responses to Urban and Forest Environments

Table 2

Descriptive statistics of the distribution of heart rate variability ().

UrbanForest Urban-forestUrbanForestUrban-forest

Mean5.546.02−0.481.48 1.32 0.16
Median5.666.14−0.451.51 1.31 0.16
SD0.921.010.700.77 0.82 0.71
5th percentile3.814.41−1.570.16 0.00 −0.92
95th percentile6.97.290.562.70 2.66 1.19
Skewness−1.20−1.10−0.92−0.21 0.32 −0.46
Kurtosis3.422.978.210.47 0.97 4.24

SD: standard deviation; skewness: a measure of symmetry of distribution; Kurtosis: a measure of whether the distribution curve is peaked (positive) or flat (negative) relative to the normal distribution.

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