Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 687015, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/687015
Research Article

Influence of Biomedical Factors on the Five Viscera Score (FVS) on Middle-Aged and Elderly Individuals: Application of Structural Equation Modeling

1Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Sports Trainer Science, Kansai University of Health Sciences, 2-11-1 Wakaba, Kumatori, Sennan, Osaka 590-0482, Japan
2Department of Hygiene, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama 641-8509, Japan
3School of Health and Nursing Science, Wakayama Medical University, 580 Mikazura, Wakayama 641-0011, Japan

Received 24 September 2014; Accepted 23 March 2015

Academic Editor: Gregory A. Plotnikoff

Copyright © 2015 Taro Tomura et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Linde, A. Vickers, M. Hondras et al., “Systematic reviews of complementary therapies—an annotated bibliography. Part 1: acupuncture,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 1, article 3, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. S. R. Sok, J. A. Erlen, and K. B. Kim, “Effects of acupuncture therapy on insomnia,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 375–384, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. V. Trinh, S.-D. Phillips, E. Ho, and K. Damsma, “Acupuncture for the alleviation of lateral epicondyle pain: a systematic review,” Rheumatology, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 1085–1090, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. Mukaino, J. Park, A. White, and E. Ernst, “The effectiveness of acupuncture for depression—a systematic review of randomised controlled trials,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 70–76, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. Pearl and E. Schillinger, “Acupuncture: Its use in medicine,” Western Journal of Medicine, vol. 171, no. 3, pp. 176–180, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Mist, C. Ritenbaugh, and M. Aickin, “Effects of questionnaire-based diagnosis and training on inter-rater reliability among practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 703–709, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Lu, A. Bensoussan, J. Liu, Z. Bian, and W. C. S. Cho, “TCM Zheng classification and clinical trials,” Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 723659, 3 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Maeda, M. Okayasu, Y. Shimoichi et al., “Preparation of the Five Viscera Score (First report): extraction and selection of symptoms based on ancient to modern texts,” The Journal of Japan College Association of Oriental Medicine, vol. 34, pp. 58–61, 2011 (Japanese). View at Google Scholar
  9. M. Okayasu, M. Maeda, Y. Shimoichi et al., “Preparation of the Five Viscera Score (Second report): exploratory factor analysis of the questionnaire,” The Journal of Japan College Association of Oriental Medicine, vol. 34, pp. 62–64, 2011 (Japanese). View at Google Scholar
  10. T. Tomura, S. Takemura, J. Fukumoto, K. Yoshimasu, and K. Miyashita, “Reliability and validity of the Five Viscera Score,” Journal of the Wakayama Medical Society, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 103–108, 2011 (Japanese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Japan College Association of Oriental Medicine and Text Editorial Committee, Introduction of Oriental Medicine, IDO NO NIPPON SHA, Yokosuka, Japan, 1993.
  12. B. Pollard, D. Dixon, P. Dieppe, and M. Johnston, “Measuring the ICF components of impairment, activity limitation and participation restriction: an item analysis using classical test theory and item response theory,” Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, vol. 7, article 41, 20 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. J. Buysse, L. Yu, D. E. Moul et al., “Development and validation of patient-reported outcome measures for sleep disturbance and sleep-related impairments,” Sleep, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 781–792, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. Tomura, K. Yoshimasu, J. Fukumoto et al., “Validity of a diagnostic scale for acupuncture: application of the item response theory to the five viscera score,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 928089, 11 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. Toyoda, Covariance Structure Analysis, Edited by Amos, Tokyo Tosho, Tokyo, Japan, 2007.
  16. L.-M. Wang, X. Zhao, X.-L. Wu et al., “Diagnosis analysis of 4 TCM patterns in suboptimal health status: a structural equation modelling approach,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 970985, 6 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Q. Chen, C. M. Wong, and T. H. Lam, “Construction of a traditional Chinese medicine syndrome-specific outcome measure: the Kidney Deficiency Syndrome questionnaire (KDSQ),” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 12, article 73, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Tomura, “Validity of the revised Five Viscera Score (FVS),” The Bulletin of Kansai University of Health Sciences, vol. 8, pp. 12–19, 2014 (Japanese). View at Google Scholar
  19. S. Fukuhara and Y. Suzukamo, Manual of the SF-36v2 Japanese Version, Institute for Health Outcomes & Process Evaluation Research, Kyoto, Japan, 2004.
  20. A. Wu, D. Zhang, Y. Gao et al., “The correlation between high-sensitivity c-reactive protein, matrix metallopeptidase 9, and traditional chinese medicine syndrome in patients with hypertension,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 780937, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. Shudo, Japanese Classical Acupuncture: Introduction to Meridian Therapy, Eastland Press, Seattle, Wash, USA, 1990.
  22. H. M. Langevin, G. J. Badger, B. K. Povolny et al., “Yin scores and yang scores: a new method for quantitative diagnostic evaluation in traditional Chinese medicine research,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 389–395, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. X. Zhao and J. Han, “The connotation of the Quantum Traditional Chinese Medicine and the exploration of its experimental technology system for diagnosis,” Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 225–232, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar