Research Article

The Immunomodulatory Effects of Nidus Vespae on Human Peripheral Blood Immune Cells In Vitro

Figure 5

TNF-α and IL-6 secretion (pg/mL) by monocytes incubated with Nidus Vespae (250, 2500, and 5000 μg/mL), control, or LPS (5 μg/mL) for 24 h. Comparisons were statistically significant as compared with control. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and presented as mean and standard deviation (). Significantly different from control group ().