Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Efficacy of Acupuncture versus Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill in Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 2

Baseline characteristics of the study population in the acupuncture (ACU) and the combined oral contraceptive (COC) groups.

VariableACUCOC value
()()
Mean (SD)

Age (years)24.15 (6.0)26.48 (4.4)0.119
Age at menarche (years)12.70 (1.5)13.32 (1.2)0.110
Duration of dysmenorrhea (years)14.96 (3.3)15.76 (2.7)0.350
Number of dysmenorrhea days per cycle (days)2.96 (1.4)3.16 (1.4)0.615
Maximal dysmenorrhea pain scores (NRS)8.33 (1.5)7.92 (1.4)0.297
Rescue analgesic use (tablets per menstrual cycle)4.07 (3.1)4.00 (3.4)0.934
Quality of life (SF-36) (score points)85.30 (13.2)91.72 (16.8)0.130

(percent)

Ability to work0.693
 Unaffected 01 (4.00)
 Rarely affected5 (18.52)5 (20.00)
 Moderately affected12 (44.44)12 (48.00)
 Significantly affected10 (37.04)7 (28.00)
Associated symptoms
 None02 (8.00)0.134
 Nausea11 (40.74)5 (20.00)0.105
 Vomiting5 (18.52)1 (4.00)0.102
 Headache17 (62.96)8 (32.00)0.026
 Diarrhea8 (29.63)10 (40.00)0.432
 Fatigue23 (85.19)16 (64.00)0.078
 Fever3 (11.11)1 (4.00)0.336
 Dizziness10 (37.04)7 (28.00)0.488
 Other7 (25.93)7 (28.00)0.866
Verbal multidimensional scoring system (VMSS) grading0.088
 Grade 25 (18.52)10 (40.00)
 Grade 322 (81.48)15 (60.00)

values are based on Student’s -test or chi-square test as appropriate. SD: standard deviation; : number of individuals: NRS: numeric rating scale (0 to 10); SF-36: Short Form Health Survey.

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