Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Trigger Point Dry Needling and Proprioceptive Exercises for the Management of Chronic Ankle Instability: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Table 2

Baseline, final treatment session, and change scores for FAAM subscales and pain intensity.

Outcome groupBaseline End of treatment Within-group change scores Between-group difference in change scores

FAAM-ADL subscale (0–100)
Proprioceptive/strengthening87.3 ± 5.990.6 ± 7.2 3.3 (−1.4, 7.8)8.2 (2.3, 14.1)
TrP-DN + proprioceptive/strengthening83.9 ± 8.295.4 ± 5.511.5 (7.3, 15.6)

FAAM-SPORTS subscale (0–100)
Proprioceptive/strengthening73.0 ± 13.981.0 ± 10.48.0 (4.0, 12.1)12.1 (5.5, 18.9)
TrP-DN + proprioceptive/strengthening71.6 ± 16.491.7 ± 9.020.1 (14.5, 25.9)

Ankle pain intensity (0–10)
Proprioceptive/strengthening5.5 ± 0.93.5 ± 0.8−2.0 (−2.5, −1.5)2.4 (1.8, 3.1)
TrP-DN + proprioceptive/strengthening5.8 ± 1.11.4 ± 1.0−4.4 (−4.9, −4.0)

Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation for baseline and final means and as mean (95% confidence interval) for within- and between-group change scores.
FAAM: Foot and Ankle Ability Measure.

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