Table 1: Demographic parameters of enrolled participants.

CharacteristicsQDYDFH

313207440
Sex (M/F)107/20691/116334/106 <0.0001
Age (year)67.37 ± 11.5369.27 ± 12.3765.75 ± 11.980.0019
Smoking (none/stop/active)41/40/23240/32/135170/107/163<0.0001
Drinking (none/stop/active)68/31/21458/19/130214/55/171<0.0001
Weight (kg)56.66 ± 9.1956.97 ± 11.2564.97 ± 10.78<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)22.74 ± 2.9922.87 ± 4.4324.16 ± 3.0<0.0001
Waist circumference (cm)84.57 ± 8.8182.77 ± 9.1688.33 ± 9.34<0.0001
WHR0.93 ± 0.110.93 ± 0.150.95 ± 0.10NS
TOAST classification
 LAA51471170.0073
 CE201534
 SVO18295199
 SOE775
 SUE141022
Medical history
 TIA (, %)26 (8.31)20 (9.66)35 (7.99)NS
 Hypertension (, %)180 (57.51)123 (59.42)258 (58.77)NS
 Hyperlipidemia (, %)35 (11.18)18 (8.70)54 (12.33)NS
 Diabetes (, %)82 (26.20)47 (22.71)116 (26.48)NS
 Heart disease (, %)17 (5.43)12 (5.80)26 (5.92)NS

Data was expressed as frequencies for categorical variables and expressed as mean ± standard deviation for continuous variables. YD: Yin deficiency; QD: Qi deficiency; FH: fire-heat; NS: not significant. values were calculated by chi-square test or ANOVA.