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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 1834646, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1834646
Review Article

Acupuncture for Tourette Syndrome: A Systematic Review

Acupuncture Department, Guang’anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, No. 5, Beixiange Street, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, China

Received 21 June 2016; Accepted 18 August 2016

Academic Editor: Chang-Gue Son

Copyright © 2016 Jinna Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder that affects both children and adults. We searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using acupuncture to treat TS written in English or Chinese without restrictions on publication status. Study selection, data extraction, and assessment of study quality were conducted independently by two reviewers. Meta-analyses were performed using Review Manager (RevMan) 5.3 software from the Cochrane Collaboration. Data were combined with the fixed-effect model based on a heterogeneity test. Results were presented as risk ratios for dichotomous data and mean differences (MDs) for continuous data. This review included 7 RCTs with a total of 564 participants. The combined results showed that acupuncture may have better short-term effect than Western medicine for TS and that acupuncture may be an effective adjuvant therapy in improving the effect of Western medicine on TS, but the evidence is limited because of existing biases. Rigorous high-quality RCTs are needed to verify these findings.