Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2587381, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2587381
Research Article

Effects of Forest Bathing on Cardiovascular and Metabolic Parameters in Middle-Aged Males

1Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8602, Japan
2Nagano Prefectural Kiso Hospital, 6613-4 Fukushima, Kiso-cho, Kiso-gun, Nagano 397-8555, Japan
3Forest Baubiologie Studio Inc., 3-40-10 Kinugaoka, Hachiouji-shi, Tokyo 192-0912, Japan
4Agematsu Town Office Industry & Tourism Department, 2-13 Ekimae-dori, Agematsu Town, Kiso-gun, Nagano 399-5603, Japan
5Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba 305-8687, Japan
6Le Verseau Inc., 3-19-4 Miyasaka, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-0051, Japan
7Clinical Audit Group, Regulatory Affairs Audit Department, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 1-1 Nihonbashi-Muromachi 2-Chome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-8324, Japan

Received 7 March 2016; Revised 2 June 2016; Accepted 8 June 2016

Academic Editor: Con Stough

Copyright © 2016 Qing Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Q. Li, K. Morimoto, A. Nakadai et al., “Forest bathing enhances human natural killer activity and expression of anti-cancer proteins,” International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 3–8, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Q. Li, “Forest medicine,” in Forest Medicine, Q. Li, Ed., pp. 1–316, Nova Science Publishers, New York, NY, USA, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  3. Q. Li, K. Morimoto, M. Kobayashi et al., “Visiting a forest, but not a city, increases human natural killer activity and expression of anti-cancer proteins,” International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 117–127, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Q. Li, K. Morimoto, M. Kobayashi et al., “A forest bathing trip increases human natural killer activity and expression of anti-cancer proteins in female subjects,” Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 45–55, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Q. Li, M. Kobayashi, H. Inagaki et al., “A day trip to a forest park increases human natural killer activity and the expression of anti-cancer proteins in male subjects,” Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 157–165, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. J. Park, Y. Tsunetsugu, T. Kasetani, T. Kagawa, and Y. Miyazaki, “The physiological effects of Shinrin-yoku (taking in the forest atmosphere or forest bathing): evidence from field experiments in 24 forests across Japan,” Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Lee, Y. Tsunetsugu, N. Takayama et al., “Influence of forest therapy on cardiovascular relaxation in young adults,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 834360, 7 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. Takayama, K. Korpela, J. Lee et al., “Emotional, restorative and vitalizing effects of forest and urban environments at four sites in Japan,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 7207–7230, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Q. Li, T. Otsuka, M. Kobayashi et al., “Acute effects of walking in forest environments on cardiovascular and metabolic parameters,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 111, no. 11, pp. 2845–2853, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Q. Li, K. Morimoto, A. Nakadai et al., “Healthy lifestyles are associated with higher levels of perforin, granulysin and granzymes A/B-expressing cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 117–123, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. Shimamoto, K. Ando, T. Fujita et al., “The Japanese Society of Hypertension guidelines for the management of hypertension (JSH 2014),” Hypertension Research, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 253–390, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Song, H. Ikei, M. Kobayashi et al., “Effect of forest walking on autonomic nervous system activity in middle-aged hypertensive individuals: a pilot study,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 2687–2699, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. Ochiai, H. Ikei, C. Song et al., “Physiological and psychological effects of a forest therapy program on middle-aged females,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 15222–15232, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Frankenhaeuser, “Experimental approach to the study of catecholamines and emotion,” in Emotions, their Parameters and Measurement, L. Levi, Ed., p. 209, Raven Press, New York, NY, USA, 1975. View at Google Scholar
  15. K. A. Simpson and M. A. F. Singh, “Effects of exercise on adiponectin: A systematic review,” Obesity, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 241–256, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. R. Woodhouse, K.-T. Khaw, and M. Plummer, “Seasonal variation of blood pressure and its relationship to ambient temperature in an elderly population,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 1267–1274, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. M. Jansen, M. J. Leineweber, and T. Thien, “The effect of a change in ambient temperature on blood pressure in normotensives,” Journal of Human Hypertension, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 113–117, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Hozawa, S. Kuriyama, T. Shimazu, K. Ohmori-Matsuda, and I. Tsuji, “Seasonal variation in home blood pressure measurements and relation to outside temperature in Japan,” Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 153–158, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. X. Zhang, S. Zhang, C. Wang, B. Wang, and P. Guo, “Effects of moderate strength cold air exposure on blood pressure and biochemical indicators among cardiovascular and cerebrovascular patients,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 2472–2487, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus