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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2657981, 19 pages
Review Article

Herbal Remedies for Coccidiosis Control: A Review of Plants, Compounds, and Anticoccidial Actions

1Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan
2Institute of Pharmacology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan
3Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
4Institute of Biotechnology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

Received 22 January 2016; Accepted 24 May 2016

Academic Editor: Seung-Il Jeong

Copyright © 2016 Thangarasu Muthamilselvan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Coccidiosis is the bane of the poultry industry causing considerable economic loss. Eimeria species are known as protozoan parasites to cause morbidity and death in poultry. In addition to anticoccidial chemicals and vaccines, natural products are emerging as an alternative and complementary way to control avian coccidiosis. In this review, we update recent advances in the use of anticoccidial phytoextracts and phytocompounds, which cover 32 plants and 40 phytocompounds, following a database search in PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Four plant products commercially available for coccidiosis are included and discussed. We also highlight the chemical and biological properties of the plants and compounds as related to coccidiosis control. Emphasis is placed on the modes of action of the anticoccidial plants and compounds such as interference with the life cycle of Eimeria, regulation of host immunity to Eimeria, growth regulation of gut bacteria, and/or multiple mechanisms. Biological actions, mechanisms, and prophylactic/therapeutic potential of the compounds and extracts of plant origin in coccidiosis are summarized and discussed.