Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 3094589, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3094589
Research Article

Yoga for Risk Reduction of Metabolic Syndrome: Patient-Reported Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Pilot Study

1Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
2Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
3Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, Nashville, TN, USA

Received 25 May 2016; Revised 8 August 2016; Accepted 5 October 2016

Academic Editor: Holger Cramer

Copyright © 2016 Stephanie J. Sohl et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. B. Ervin, “Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adults 20 years of age and over, by sex, age, race and ethnicity, and body mass index: United States, 2003–2006,” National Health Statistics Reports, vol. 5, no. 13, pp. 1–7, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  2. K. G. M. M. Alberti, R. H. Eckel, S. M. Grundy et al., “Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity,” Circulation, vol. 120, no. 16, pp. 1640–1645, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. M. Grundy, J. I. Cleeman, S. R. Daniels et al., “Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: an American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute scientific statement—executive summary,” Critical Pathways in Cardiology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 198–203, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. Fappa, M. Yannakoulia, C. Pitsavos, I. Skoumas, S. Valourdou, and C. Stefanadis, “Lifestyle intervention in the management of metabolic syndrome: could we improve adherence issues?” Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 286–291, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Bergmann, F. Gyntelberg, and J. Faber, “The appraisal of chronic stress and the development of the metabolic syndrome: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies,” Endocrine Connections, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. R55–R80, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. C. Tsigos and G. P. Chrousos, “Stress, obesity, and the metabolic syndrome: soul and metabolism,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1083, pp. 11–13, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. S. Ford and C. Li, “Metabolic syndrome and health-related quality of life among U.S. Adults,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 165–171, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. T. K. V. Desikachar, The Heart of Yoga: Developing a Personal Practice, Inner Traditions International, Rochester, Vt, USA, 1995.
  9. P. Chu, R. A. Gotink, G. Y. Yeh, S. J. Goldie, and M. G. M. Hunink, “The effectiveness of yoga in modifying risk factors for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials,” European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 291–307, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Cramer, R. Lauche, H. Haller, N. Steckhan, A. Michalsen, and G. Dobos, “Effects of yoga on cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 173, no. 2, pp. 170–183, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. E. Cohen, A. A. Chang, D. Grady, and A. M. Kanaya, “Restorative yoga in adults with metabolic syndrome: a randomized, controlled pilot trial,” Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 223–229, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. M. Corey, E. Epel, M. Schembri et al., “Effect of restorative yoga vs. stretching on diurnal cortisol dynamics and psychosocial outcomes in individuals with the metabolic syndrome: the PRYSMS randomized controlled trial,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 260–271, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Lau, R. Yu, and J. Woo, “Effects of a 12-week hatha yoga intervention on metabolic risk and quality of life in Hong Kong Chinese adults with and without metabolic syndrome,” PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 6, Article ID e0130731, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. S. Birdee, T. A. Ilkizler, A. Wheeler et al., “Yoga combined with health education for risk reduction of metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot feasibility study,” Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism, vol. 6, article 588, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. K. J. Sherman, “Guidelines for developing yoga interventions for randomized trials,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 143271, 16 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. M. K. Kramer, A. M. Kriska, E. M. Venditti et al., “Translating the diabetes prevention program: a comprehensive model for prevention training and program delivery,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 505–511, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. M. K. K. Kramer, J. R. McWilliams, H.-Y. Chen, and L. M. Siminerio, “A community-based diabetes prevention program: evaluation of the group lifestyle balance program delivered by diabetes educators,” Diabetes Educator, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 659–668, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. M. McTigue, M. B. Conroy, L. Bigi, C. Murphy, and M. McNeil, “Weight loss through living well: translating an effective lifestyle intervention into clinical practice,” Diabetes Educator, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 199–208, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. C. Seidel, R. O. Powell, J. C. Zgibor, L. M. Siminerio, and G. A. Piatt, “Translating the diabetes prevention program into an urban medically underserved community,” Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 684–689, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Dodani and J. Z. Fields, “Implementation of the fit body and soul, a church-based life style program for diabetes prevention in high-risk African Americans: A Feasibility Study,” Diabetes Educator, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 465–472, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. R. Matthews, J. P. Hosker, A. S. Rudenski, B. A. Naylor, D. F. Treacher, and R. C. Turner, “Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and β-cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man,” Diabetologia, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 412–419, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Cohen, “Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States,” in The Social Psychology of Health, S. Spacapan and S. Oskamp, Eds., pp. 31–67, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  23. D. M. McNair, M. Lorr, and L. F. Droppleman, Manual for the Profile of Mood States, Educational and Industrial Testing Services, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1971.
  24. M. S. Smith, K. A. Wallston, and C. A. Smith, “The development and validation of the Perceived Health Competence Scale,” Health Education Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 51–64, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. E. Ware and C. D. Sherbourne, “The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (Sf-36): I. conceptual framework and item selection,” Medical Care, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 473–483, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. Gandek, J. E. Ware Jr., N. K. Aaronson et al., “Tests of data quality, scaling assumptions, and reliability of the SF- 36 in eleven countries: results from the IQOLA Project,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 1149–1158, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. G. Tsai, T. A. Wadden, D. B. Sarwer et al., “Metabolic syndrome and health-related quality of life in obese individuals seeking weight reduction,” Obesity, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 59–63, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. B. G. Tabachnick and L. S. Fidell, Using Multivariate Statistics, Allyn & Bacon, Needham Heights, Mass, USA, 4th edition, 2001.
  29. J. Cohen, Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1969.
  30. J. T. E. Richardson, “Eta squared and partial eta squared as measures of effect size in educational research,” Educational Research Review, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 135–147, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C. M. Greco, R. M. Glick, N. E. Morone, and M. J. Schneider, “Addressing the ‘It Is Just Placebo’ pitfall in CAM: methodology of a project to develop patient-reported measures of nonspecific factors in healing,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 613797, 9 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. H. Cramer, H. Haller, R. Lauche, N. Steckhan, A. Michalsen, and G. Dobos, “A systematic review and meta-analysis of yoga for hypertension,” American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1146–1151, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus