Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 3506757, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3506757
Review Article

Effect of Combination of Chinese Herbal Medicine versus Western Medicine on Mortality in Patients after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

1Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, China
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian 116001, China

Received 15 September 2015; Revised 15 December 2015; Accepted 24 December 2015

Academic Editor: Arndt Büssing

Copyright © 2016 Wenxiu Guo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Mashiko, T. Otsuka, S. Shimazaki et al., “An outcome study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest using the Utstein template—a Japanese experience,” Resuscitation, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 241–246, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. V. M. Nadkarni, G. L. Larkin, M. A. Peberdy et al., “First documented rhythm and clinical outcome from in-hospital cardiac arrest among children and adults,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 295, no. 1, pp. 50–57, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. P. Nolan, J. Soar, G. B. Smith et al., “Incidence and outcome of in-hospital cardiac arrest in the United Kingdom National Cardiac Arrest Audit,” Resuscitation, vol. 85, no. 8, pp. 987–992, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. W. Neumar, J. P. Nolan, C. Adrie et al., “Post-cardiac arrest syndrome: epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment, and prognostication. A consensus statement from the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (American Heart Association, Australian and New Zealand Council on Resuscitation, European Resuscitation Council, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, InterAmerican Heart Foundation, Resuscitation Council of Asia, and the Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa); the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee; the Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; the Council on Cardiopulmonary, Perioperative, and Critical Care; the Council on Clinical Cardiology; and the Stroke Council,” Circulation, vol. 118, no. 23, pp. 2452–2483, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. L. H. Opie, “Reperfusion injury and its pharmacologic modification,” Circulation, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 1049–1062, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. C. White, L. I. Grossman, and G. S. Krause, “Brain injury by global ischemia and reperfusion: a theoretical perspective on membrane damage and repair,” Neurology, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 1656–1665, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Z. M. Shi, G. G. Guo, G. Z. Wu, F. Zhong, W. D. Song, and X. H. Zhu, “Study on the protective effects of Shengfu injection on multiple organs injury in patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Journal of Clinical Emergency Call, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 19–21, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  8. Q. R. Wang, “Clinical study of tetramethylpyrazine in patients with acute cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” China Practical Medicine, vol. 17, no. 17, p. 157, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  9. X. K. Meng, S. Q. Shi, X. Z. Zhang et al., “Applications of Jiunitongyu decoction on patients with post-cardiac arrest syndrome,” The Second Youth Forum of Emergency Medicine, Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine, pp. 197–200, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  10. L. He, C. Yang, W. T. Zhang, and X. Y. Jin, “Therapeutic efficacy of Shenfu injection in patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Guide of China Medicine, vol. 10, no. 23, pp. 306–307, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  11. X. D. Li, “Clinical research on treating cardiopulmonary resuscitation cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury with TMP,” Clinical Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 3, no. 16, pp. 79–81, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  12. H. B. Liu, Y. J. Yin, X. Q. Jiang, and J. L. Li, “Study of Xingnaojing injection on serum cytokine of patients after cardio-pulmonary resuscitation,” Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1617–1618, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  13. Z. J. Lou, L. M. Zhuge, W. L. Zheng, Y. K. Ou, and L. Shou, “Protective effects of tetramethylpyrazine in patients with acute cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 299–301, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  14. Z.-F. Wang, L. Zhong, and Y.-S. Li, “The protective effects of Shenfu injection on the global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury of rats,” Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 462–465, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. Moher, L. Shamseer, M. Clarke et al., “Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement,” Systematic Reviews, vol. 4, no. 1, article 1, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. J. P. T. Higgins and S. Green, “Review: cochrane handbook for systematic reviews for interventions, Version 5.1.0, published 3/2011. Julian P.T. Higgins and Sally Green, Editors,” Research Synthesis Methods, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 126–130, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Wetterslev, K. Thorlund, J. Brok, and C. Gluud, “Estimating required information size by quantifying diversity in random-effects model meta-analyses,” BMC Medical Research Methodology, vol. 9, article 86, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. R. Sun, C. L. Ma, and X. Y. Mo, “Clinical observation of Erhuang powder in patients with gastrointestinal dysfunction after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Journal of New Chinese Medicine, no. 10, pp. 45–46, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  19. Y. He, X. R. Xie, and Q. Chen, “Analysis on the effect of Shenfu injection on post-cardiac arrest syndrome,” National Medical Frontiers of China, vol. 8, no. 15, p. 33, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  20. J. L. Hu, F. J. Li, C. R. Hu, and C. Y. Zhang, “Protective effect of Shenfu injection on myocardium during cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 73–75, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Q. Yi, X. F. Wang, and Y. M. Zhang, “Protective effects of Shengmai injection in elderly patients with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Chinese Journal of Gerontology, vol. 32, no. 24, pp. 5385–5386, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  22. S. Y. Xu, X. L. Li, J. Chen, and C. T. Feng, “Study on the application of Shenfu injection in patients with cardiac arrest treated with cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, vol. 17, no. 16, pp. 2433–2434, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. Su, J. Z. Liang, and B. Zhang, “Clinical exploration on Shenfu injection on post-cardiac arrest syndrome,” China Journal of Emergency Resuscitation and Disaster Medicine, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 879–881, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  24. G. Y. Hu, “Effects of combination Shengfu injection with conventional methods for CPR,” Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 293–295, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. Q. Y. Deng, L. T. Tao, and D. W. Wang, “Clinical studies of Shenfu Injection in patients for cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Journal of New Chinese Medicine, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 15–17, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. X. J. Zhang and F. Y. Sun, “Effects of ginseng-monkshood extract on patients with post-cardiac arrest syndrome,” Gansu Medical Journal, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 106–108, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  27. H. X. Liu, “Protective effects of Shengfu injection in patients with myocardial injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” China Practical Medicine, vol. 8, no. 17, pp. 164–165, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  28. S. J. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, Z. M. Liu, and A. Y. Qu, “Protective effect of Shengmai injection on myocardium during the cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Chinese Journal of Critical Care Medicine, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 292–294, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  29. X. D. Wu, J. Z. Zhang, X. Y. Wan, and R. H. Huang, “Preventive and therapeutic effects of Xuebijing on post-resuscitation syndrome:analysis of 41 cases,” China Journal of Emergency Resuscitation and Disaster Medicine, no. 4, pp. 251–252, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  30. D. Y. Liang, C. L. Ma, J. M. Huang, S. C. Mo, Z. J. Lin, and H. Lin, “Effect of Xuebijing injection on haemodynamics and tissue perfusion of the patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Medical Journal of West China, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 296–297, 300, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  31. D. Y. Liang, C. L. Ma, Z. J. Lin, S. C. Mo, and J. M. Huang, “Observation on the effect of Sini decoction on treatment of cardiac dysfunction after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” Journal of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical University, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 32–34, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  32. K. M. Li and W. P. Liu, “Therapeutic effects of Xuefuzhuyu decoction on post-resuscitation syndrome: analysis of 20 cases,” Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 416–417, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  33. S.-Y. Zheng, J. Sun, X. Zhao, and J.-G. Xu, “Protective effect of Shen-Fu on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats,” The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 209–220, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. L. Yin and X. Wo, “Pharmacological and clinical research progress of Shenmai injection,” Journal of Zhejiang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 65–68, 2001. View at Google Scholar