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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 3685785, 14 pages
Review Article

The Status of the Quality Control in Acupuncture-Neuroimaging Studies

1The Acupuncture and Tuina School, The 3rd Teaching Hospital, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 37, Shierqiao Road, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, China
2Leshan Vocational & Technical College, Leshan, Sichuan 614000, China
3Dayi Chinese Medicine Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan 611330, China

Received 19 November 2015; Revised 3 March 2016; Accepted 27 March 2016

Academic Editor: Jeng-Ren Duann

Copyright © 2016 Ke Qiu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Using neuroimaging techniques to explore the central mechanism of acupuncture gains increasing attention, but the quality control of acupuncture-neuroimaging study remains to be improved. We searched the PubMed Database during 1995 to 2014. The original English articles with neuroimaging scan performed on human beings were included. The data involved quality control including the author, sample size, characteristics of the participant, neuroimaging technology, and acupuncture intervention were extracted and analyzed. The rigorous inclusion and exclusion criteria are important guaranty for the participants’ homogeneity. The standard operation process of acupuncture and the stricter requirement for acupuncturist play significant role in quality control. More attention should be paid to the quality control in future studies to improve the reproducibility and reliability of the acupuncture-neuroimaging studies.