Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Substitutes for Bear Bile for the Treatment of Liver Diseases: Research Progress and Future Perspective

Table 1

The presence of various bile salts in some animal biles [7275].

AnimalBile salts

Bear TUDC, TC, TDC, TCDC
DogTC, TCDC, TDC
CattleTC, TDC, TCDC, TLC, GC, GDC, GCDC, GLC, AC
PigTC, TDC, TCDC, THC, THDC, GC, GDC, GCDC, GHC, GHDC, GHOC
SnakeTPC, TC, TDC
RabbitGDC, TC, TDC, TCDC
ChickenTC, TCDC, TAC
FishTCDC, TC, TDC, AC
GooseTCDC, TPHC, TBC
DuckTCDC, TPHC, TBC
MouseTC, TDC, TCDC, T-β-MC, T-ω-MC, TUDC

TUDC: tauroursodeoxycholate; TC: taurocholate; TDC: taurodeoxycholate; TCDC: taurochenodeoxycholate; TLC: taurolithocholate; GC: glycocholate; GDC: glycodeoxycholate; GCDC: glycochenodeoxycholate; GLC: glycolithocholate; AC: allocholate; THC: taurohyocholate; THDC: taurohyodeoxycholate; GHC: glycohyocholate; GHDC: glycohyodeoxycholate; GHOC: glyco-3α-hydroxy-6-oxo-5β-cholate; TPC: tauropythocholate; TAC: tauroallocholate; TBC: taurobitocholate; TPHC: taurophocacholate; T-β-MC: tauro-β-muricholate; T-ω-MC: tauro-ω-muricholate.

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