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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5867810, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5867810
Research Article

Simplified Tai Chi Program Training versus Traditional Tai Chi on the Functional Movement Screening in Older Adults

1Department of Sport and Physical Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
2School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China
3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai First People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
4School of Physical Education and Sport Training, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China
5School of Chinese Wushu, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China
6Department of Health Education and Physical Education, Springfield College, Springfield, MA 01109, USA

Received 3 June 2016; Revised 22 September 2016; Accepted 19 October 2016

Academic Editor: Yi Yang

Copyright © 2016 Huiru Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the effect of two different types of Tai Chi programs on the Functional Movement Screening (FMS) in older adults. Methods. Ninety older adults (65.5 ± 4.6 years old) who met the eligibility criteria were randomized into three different groups based on a ratio of 1 : 1 : 1: a traditional Tai Chi exercise (TTC), a simplified Tai Chi exercise (TCRT), or a control group (routine activity). The FMS consisted of the deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg rise, trunk stability push-up, and rotatory stability, which was used to measure physical function before the present study and after six months of Tai Chi interventions. Results. Seventy-nine participants completed the present study (control = 27, TTC = 23, and TCRT = 29). Significant improvement on the FMS tests between the baseline and after the six-month intervention was observed in both Tai Chi programs, whereas no significant improvement was observed in the control group. In addition, participants in the TCRT group demonstrated greater improvement than those in the TTC group. Conclusions. The TCRT is more effective in improving the physical function in older adults when compared to the traditional Tai Chi modality, particularly for improving balance.