Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Effect of External Apple Vinegar Application on Varicosity Symptoms, Pain, and Social Appearance Anxiety: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 3

Symptoms before and after apple vinegar application ().

Application group ()Control group ()
SymptomsBefore applicationAfter applicationBefore applicationAfter application
(%) (%) (%) (%)

Pain
 Slight8 (%20)18 (%45)7 (%17.5)13 (%32.5)
 Disturbing16 (%40)13 (%32.5)19 (%47.5)17 (%42.5)
 Severe13 (%32.5)9 (%22.5)12 (%30)10 (%25)
 Very severe3 (%7.5)0 (%0.0)2 (%5)0 (%0.0)
Cramp
 No12 (%30)19 (%47.5)11 (%27.5)14 (%35)
 Sometimes22 (%55)19 (%47.5)24 (%60)23 (%57.5)
 Yes6 (%15)2 (%5)5 (%12.5)3 (%7.5)
Edema
 No11 (%27.5)21 (%52.5)12 (%30)16 (%40)
 Slight25 (%62.5)19 (%47.5)25 (%62.5)24 (%60)
 Severe4 (%10)0 (%0.0)3 (%7.5)0 (%0.0)
Itching
 No31 (%77.5)38 (%95)32 (%80)35 (%87.5)
 Yes9 (%22.5)2 (%5)8 (%20)5 (%12.5)
Pigmentation
 No28 (%70)35 (%90)26 (%65)24 (%60)
 Slight12 (%30)4 (%10)14 (%35)16 (%40)
 Severe0 (%0)0 (%0)0 (%0)0 (%0)
Weight feeling
 Slight9 (%22.5)15 (%37.5)9 (%22.5)12 (%25)
 Disturbing15 (%37.5)19 (%47.5)18 (%45)21 (%52.5)
 Severe12 (%30)5 (%12.5)11 (%27.5)5 (%12.5)
 Very severe4 (%10)1 (%2.5)2 (%5)2 (%5)
Leg fatigue
 Slight4 (%10)18 (%45)6 (%15)15 (%37.5)
 Disturbing22 (%55)17 (%42.5)21 (%52.5)22 (%55)
 Severe11 (%27.5)4 (%10)12 (%25)2 (%5)
 Very severe3 (%7.5)1 (%2.5)1 (%2.5)1 (%2.5)