Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 1691568, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1691568
Research Article

Protective Effect of Green Tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze) against Prostate Cancer: From In Vitro Data to Algerian Patients

1Unité de Recherche Valorisation des Ressources Naturelles, Molécules Bioactives et Analyses Physicochimiques et Biologiques (VARENBIOMOL), Université Constantine 1, 25000 Constantine, Algeria
2Laboratoire de Physiologie Animale, Département de Biologie Animale, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université Constantine 1, 25000 Constantine, Algeria
3Clinic of Urology-Nephrology and Kidney Transplant Daksi, Constantine, Algeria
4CNC–Center for Neuroscience and Cellular Biology, UC-Biotech Building, Biocant Park, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
5Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed to Paulo J. Oliveira; tp.cu.cnc@viloluap

Received 1 August 2016; Revised 19 November 2016; Accepted 5 December 2016; Published 4 January 2017

Academic Editor: Michael Silbermann

Copyright © 2017 Somia Lassed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Ferlay, I. Soerjomataram, R. Dikshit et al., “Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: sources, methods and major patterns in GLOBOCAN 2012,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 136, no. 5, pp. E359–E386, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. Kwabi-Addo, W. Chung, L. Shen et al., “Age-related DNA methylation changes in normal human prostate tissues,” Clinical Cancer Research, vol. 13, no. 13, pp. 3796–3802, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Minelli, I. Bellezza, C. Conte, and Z. Culig, “Oxidative stress-related aging: a role for prostate cancer?” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol. 1795, no. 2, pp. 83–91, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. Homma, Y. Kondo, M. Kaneko et al., “Promotion of carcinogenesis and oxidative stress by dietary cholesterol in rat prostate,” Carcinogenesis, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1011–1014, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. W. G. Nelson, T. L. DeWeese, and A. M. DeMarzo, “The diet, prostate inflammation, and the development of prostate cancer,” Cancer and Metastasis Reviews, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 3–16, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. N. Kotrikadze, M. Alibegashvili, M. Zibribadze et al., “Activity and content of antioxidant enzymes in prostate tumors,” Experimental Oncology, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 244–247, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. Sandhya, S. Manoharan, G. Sirisha Lavanya, and C. Ratna Manmohan, “Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in prostate cancer patients,” Indian Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 83–86, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. S. L. Srivastava and R. D. Mittal, “Free radical injury and antioxidant status in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia and prostate cancer,” Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 162–165, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. Al-Awaida, M. Akash, Z. Aburubaiha, W. H. Talib, and H. Shehadeh, “Chinese green tea consumption reduces oxidative stress, inflammation and tissues damage in smoke exposed rats,” Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 740–746, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. K. Dutta, M. A. Siddiquee, S. Hossain, and Y. Kabir, “Finlay green tea possesses the highest in vitro antioxidant activity among the 20 commercially available tea brands of Bangladesh,” Malaysian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 11, pp. 11–20, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  11. D. S. Albrecht, E. A. Clubbs, M. Ferruzzi, and J. A. Bomser, “Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) inhibits PC-3 prostate cancer cell proliferation via MEK-independent ERK1/2 activation,” Chemico-Biological Interactions, vol. 171, no. 1, pp. 89–95, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. Otsuka, T. Ogo, T. Eto, Y. Asano, M. Suganuma, and Y. Niho, “Growth inhibition of leukemic cells by (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, the main constituent of green tea,” Life Sciences, vol. 63, no. 16, pp. 1397–1403, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Picard, “The biochemistry of green tea polyphenols and their potential application in human skin cancer,” Alternative Medicine Review, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 31–42, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. Jian, L. P. Xie, A. H. Lee, and C. W. Binns, “Protective effect of green tea against prostate cancer: a case-control study in southeast China,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 130–135, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Kurahashi, S. Sasazuki, M. Iwasaki, M. Inoue, S. Tsugane, and J. S. Group, “Green tea consumption and prostate cancer risk in Japanese men: a prospective study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 71–77, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  16. S. Gupta, N. Ahmad, A.-L. Nieminen, and H. Mukhtar, “Growth inhibition, cell-cycle dysregulation, and induction of apoptosis by green tea constituent (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate in androgen-sensitive and androgen-insensitive human prostate carcinoma cells,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol. 164, no. 1, pp. 82–90, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Hastak, S. Gupta, N. Ahmad, M. K. Agarwal, M. L. Agarwal, and H. Mukhtar, “Role of p53 and NF-κB in epigallocatechin-3-gallate-induced apoptosis of LNCaP cells,” Oncogene, vol. 22, no. 31, pp. 4851–4859, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Li, Z. He, S. Ermakova et al., “Direct inhibition of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor kinase activity by (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate regulates cell transformation,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 598–605, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. I. A. Siddiqui, M. Asim, B. B. Hafeez, V. M. Adhami, R. S. Tarapore, and H. Mukhtar, “Green tea polyphenol EGCG blunts androgen receptor function in prostate cancer,” FASEB Journal, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 1198–1207, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Gupta, K. Hastak, N. Ahmad, J. S. Lewin, and H. Mukhtar, “Inhibition of prostate carcinogenesis in TRAMP mice by oral infusion of green tea polyphenols,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 98, no. 18, pp. 10350–10355, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. E. Harper, B. B. Patel, J. Wang, I. A. Eltoum, and C. A. Lamartiniere, “Epigallocatechin-3-gallate suppresses early stage, but not late stage prostate cancer in TRAMP mice: mechanisms of action,” Prostate, vol. 67, no. 14, pp. 1576–1589, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Bettuzzi, M. Brausi, F. Rizzi, G. Castagnetti, G. Peracchia, and A. Corti, “Chemoprevention of human prostate cancer by oral administration of green tea catechins in volunteers with high-grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia: a preliminary report from a one-year proof-of-principle study,” Cancer Research, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 1234–1240, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Jatoi, N. Ellison, P. A. Burch et al., “A phase II trial of green tea in the treatment of patients with androgen independent metastatic prostate carcinoma,” Cancer, vol. 97, no. 6, pp. 1442–1446, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. McLarty, R. L. H. Bigelow, M. Smith, D. Elmajian, M. Ankem, and J. A. Cardelli, “Tea polyphenols decrease serum levels of prostate-specific antigen, hepatocyte growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor in prostate cancer patients and inhibit production of hepatocyte growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor in vitro,” Cancer Prevention Research, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 673–682, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. L. Singleton, R. Orthofer, and R. M. Lamuela-Raventos, Methods in Enzymol: Oxidant and Antioxidants (Part A), Edited by M. I. S. John, N. Abelson, S. Helmut, Academic Press, 1999.
  26. H. Wang, X. D. Gao, G. C. Zhou, L. Cai, and W. B. Yao, “In vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity of aqueous extract from Choerospondias axillaris fruit,” Food Chemistry, vol. 106, no. 3, pp. 888–895, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Braca, N. De Tommasi, L. Di Bari, C. Pizza, M. Politi, and I. Morelli, “Antioxidant principles from Bauhinia tarapotensis,” Journal of Natural Products, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 892–895, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Y. Cao and I. Ikeda, “Antioxidant activity and antitumor activity (in vitro) of xyloglucan selenious ester and surfated xyloglucan,” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 231–235, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. E. Kaighn, K. S. Narayan, Y. Ohnuki, J. F. Lechner, and L. W. Jones, “Establishment and characterization of a human prostatic carcinoma cell line (PC-3),” Investigative Urology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 16–23, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Lorenz, G. Saretzki, N. Sitte, S. Metzkow, and T. Von Zglinicki, “BJ fibroblasts display high antioxidant capacity and slow telomere shortening independent of hTERT transfection,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 824–831, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Z. X. Lin, J. R. S. Hoult, and A. Raman, “Sulphorhodamine B assay for measuring proliferation of a pigmented melanocyte cell line and its application to the evaluation of crude drugs used in the treatment of vitiligo,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 141–150, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Ali Azouaou, F. Emhemmed, N. Idris-Khodja et al., “Selective ROS-dependent p53-associated anticancer effects of the hypoxoside derivative rooperol on human teratocarcinomal cancer stem-like cells,” Investigational New Drugs, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 64–74, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Tripathi, W. Fang, D. T. Leong, and L. T. Tan, “Biochemical studies of the lagunamides, potent cytotoxic cyclic depsipeptides from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula,” Marine Drugs, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1126–1137, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. Astill, M. R. Birch, C. Dacombe, P. G. Humphrey, and P. T. Martin, “Factors affecting the caffeine and polyphenol contents of black and green tea infusions,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 5340–5347, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. L. Drabkin and J. H. Austin, “Spectrophotometric Studies: I. Spectrophotometric constants for common hemoglobin derivatives in human, dog, and rabbit blood,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 719–733, 1932. View at Google Scholar
  36. E. Beutler, O. Duron, and B. M. Kelly, “Improved method for the determination of blood glutathione,” The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, vol. 61, pp. 882–888, 1963. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. A. Greenwald, CRC Handbook of Methods for Oxygen Radical Research, CRC Press, 1985.
  38. H. H. Draper and M. Hadley, “Malondialdehyde determination as index of lipid peroxidation,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 186, pp. 421–431, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. L. Khandrika, B. Kumar, S. Koul, P. Maroni, and H. K. Koul, “Oxidative stress in prostate cancer,” Cancer Letters, vol. 282, no. 2, pp. 125–136, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. T. M. Vance, J. Su, E. T. H. Fontham, S. I. Koo, and O. K. Chun, “Dietary antioxidants and prostate cancer: a review,” Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 793–801, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Y.-L. Lin, I.-M. Juan, Y.-L. Chen, Y.-C. Liang, and J.-K. Lin, “Composition of polyphenols in fresh tea leaves and associations of their oxygen-radical-absorbing capacity with antiproliferative actions in fibroblast cells,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1387–1394, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. K.-C. Liu, A.-C. Huang, P.-P. Wu et al., “Gallic acid suppresses the migration and invasion of PC-3 human prostate cancer cells via inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 signaling pathways,” Oncology Reports, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 177–184, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. G.-C. Yen, P.-D. Duh, and H.-L. Tsai, “Antioxidant and pro-oxidant properties of ascorbic acid and gallic acid,” Food Chemistry, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 307–313, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. J. Yang, J. Guo, and J. Yuan, “In vitro antioxidant properties of rutin,” LWT—Food Science and Technology, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1060–1066, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. Valcic, J. A. Burr, B. N. Timmermann, and D. C. Liebler, “Antioxidant chemistry of green tea catechins. New oxidation products of (−)-epigallocatechin gallate and (−)-epigallocatechin from their reactions with peroxyl radicals,” Chemical Research in Toxicology, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 801–810, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. K.-A. Hwang and K.-C. Choi, “Anticarcinogenic effects of dietary phytoestrogens and their chemopreventive mechanisms,” Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 796–803, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. H. Y. Khan, H. Zubair, M. F. Ullah, A. Ahmad, and S. M. Hadi, “A prooxidant mechanism for the anticancer and chemopreventive properties of plant polyphenols,” Current Drug Targets, vol. 13, no. 14, pp. 1738–1749, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. N. Kikuchi, K. Ohmori, T. Shimazu et al., “No association between green tea and prostate cancer risk in Japanese men: the Ohsaki Cohort Study,” British Journal of Cancer, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 371–373, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. B. Oh, G. Figtree, D. Costa et al., “Oxidative stress in prostate cancer patients: a systematic review of case control studies,” Prostate International, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 71–87, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  50. G.-Y. Liou and P. Storz, “Reactive oxygen species in cancer,” Free Radical Research, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 479–496, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. V. Jendrossek, M. Henkel, J. Hennenlotter et al., “Analysis of complex protein kinase B signalling pathways in human prostate cancer samples,” BJU International, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 371–382, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. M. Royuela, M. I. Arenas, F. R. Bethencourt, B. Fraile, and R. Paniagua, “Regulation of proliferation/apoptosis equilibrium by mitogen-activated protein kinases in normal, hyperplastic, and carcinomatous human prostate,” Human Pathology, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 299–306, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. B. Kumar, S. Koul, L. Khandrika, R. B. Meacham, and H. K. Koul, “Oxidative stress is inherent in prostate cancer cells and is required for aggressive phenotype,” Cancer Research, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 1777–1785, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. P. Richie, W. J. Catalona, F. R. Ahmann et al., “Effect of patient age on early detection of prostate cancer with serum prostate-specific antigen and digital rectal examination,” Urology, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 365–374, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. P. T. Scardino, R. Weaver, and M. A. Hudson, “Early detection of prostate cancer,” Human Pathology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 211–222, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. A. Woźniak, R. Masiak, M. Szpinda et al., “Oxidative stress markers in prostate cancer patients after HDR brachytherapy combined with external beam radiation,” Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol. 2012, Article ID 789870, 5 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. V. Battisti, L. D. K. Maders, M. D. Bagatini et al., “Oxidative stress and antioxidant status in prostate cancer patients: relation to Gleason score, treatment and bone metastasis,” Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, vol. 65, no. 7, pp. 516–524, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. Z. Arsova-Sarafinovska, A. Eken, N. Matevska et al., “Increased oxidative/nitrosative stress and decreased antioxidant enzyme activities in prostate cancer,” Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 1228–1235, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus