Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Documentation of Herbal Medicines Used for the Treatment and Management of Human Diseases by Some Communities in Southern Ghana

Table 2

Species of plants reportedly being used by healers arranged according to their families with information on their habits, ailments treated, plant parts used, methods of preparation, and route of administration of the plants.

Families Scientific names (voucher specimen #) Local names (Akuapem/Krobo) Frequency of citation (%)Habit of plant Diseases and/ailments Plant parts Methods of preparation Route of administration

AcanthaceaeRuellia brevifolia (Pohl) C. Ezcurra (A029)Mokotso (Krobo)1.1HerbHalitosisLeafInfusionNasal

AloaceaeAloe vera L. (A001)Aloe6.5HerbDiabetes
Diabetes
Typhoid fever
Baldness
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Decoction
Decoction
Infusion
Decoction
Oral
Oral
Oral
Topical

AmaranthaceaeAlternanthera pungens Kunth. (A028)Nkassenkasee (Akuapem)1.1HerbStomach ulcerWhole plantInfusionRectal

AnnonaceaePolyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites (K001)Tsogaga (Krobo)2.2TreeFeverLeafDecoctionOral

ApocynaceaeAlstonia boonei De Wild. (A026)Nyamedua (Akuapem)1.1TreeSexual disordersRoot and barkInfusionTopical
Rauvolfia vomitoria Wennberg (A025)Unknown1.1TreeOsteoarthritisLeaf and barkInfusionRectal

AsclepiadaceaeCalotropis gigantea (L.) W. T. AitonUnknown1.1ShrubHeart burnsLeafDecoctionOral

AsteraceaeChromolaena odorata (L.) R. M. King (K003)Acheampong (Akuapem/Krobo)3.2ShrubTyphoid fever
Stop bleeding
Typhoid fever
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Decoction
Decoction
Infusion
Oral
Oral
Oral
Launaea taraxacifolia. (Wild). Amin ex. C. Jeffrey (K002)Unknown3.2HerbBlood pressure
Diuretic
Blood pressure
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Infusion
Decoction
Infusion
Oral
Oral
Oral
Vernonia amygdalina Delile (A023)Awunyun (Akuapem)3.2ShrubMalariaWhole plantInfusionOral
Vernonia conferta Benth. (K010)Owudifukete (Akuapem)2.2ShrubDiabetesRoot and barkDecoctionOral

BignoniaceaeKigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. (K004)Nfuten (Akuapem)1.1TreePilesBarkInfusionOral
Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv. (K005)Akuakua nisuo (Akuapem)1.1TreeStrokeLeafDecoctionOral

BombacaceaeBombax buonopozense P. Beauv. (A002)Nyankuduro/Akonkodies (Akuapem)TreeStroke
Diabetes
Leaf
Leaf
Decoction
Infusion
Oral
Oral/Topical

BoraginaceaeHeliotropium indicum L. (K007)Akomfemtikoro (Akuapem)2.2HerbConvulsionLeafInfusionOral

CapparidaceaeEuadenia eminens L. (K008)Dinsikuro (Akuapem)1.1HerbLow sperm countRoot and barkDecoctionOral

ChrysobalanaceaeMaranthes robusta (Oliv.) Prance (K009)Afambere (Akuapem)1.1TreeRheumatismLeaf and seedDecoctionOral/Topical

CombretaceaeTerminalia superba Engl. & Diels (A021)Ofram (Akuapem)1.1TreeConvulsionRoot and barkDecoctionOral/Topical

CucurbitaceaeMomordica charantia L. (K020)Nyenye (Krobo)2.2Climber Snake bite
Diabetes
Whole plant
Whole plant
Infusion
Decoction
Oral
Oral

CyperaceaeCyperus esculentus L. (A020)Winto/Wintino (Krobo)1.1HerbTyphoid feverWhole plantDecoctionOral

DennstaedtiaceaePteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn (A012)Unknown1.1HerbFeverLeafDecoctionOral
Pteridium esculentum (Forst.) Nakai (A018)Meyaabea (Akuapem)1.1HerbMenstrual disordersLeafDecoctionOral

EuphorbiaceaeBridelia ferruginea Benth (K014)Unknown1.1TreeDiarrhoeaRootDecoctionOral
Discoglypremna caloneura (Pax) Prain (A017)Unknown2.2.TreeStroke
Female infertility
Leaf and root
Leaf and root
Decoction
Decoction
Oral
Oral/Rectal
Drypetes aubrevillei Leandri (K017)Duameko (Akuapem)1.1ShrubStrokeRootDecoctionOral/Topical
Drypetes floribunda Hutch. (K016)Katirika (Akuapem)1.1ShrubMiscarriageRoot and barkDecoctionOral
Jatropha curcas L. (A014)Unknown1.1ShrubHerniaLeafInfusionOral
Jatropha gossypifolia L. (A015)Unknown1.1ShrubHigh feverLeaf and fruitDecoctionOral
Macaranga barteri Müll. Arg. (K015)Opam (Akuapem)1.1ShrubFoot rotBarkDecoctionOral
Uapaca guineensis Müll. Arg. (A016)Agyahere (Akuapem)1.1TreeStrokeRoot, bark and leafDecoctionTopical

FabaceaeAcacia senegalensis (Houtt.) Roberty (K022)Unknown1.1TreeHigh feverLeafDecoctionOral
Albizia ferruginea (Guill. & Perr.) B. (K021)Awiemtosamina (Akuapem)1.1TreeDiarrhoeaRootDecoctionOral
Baphia nitida Lodd. (A005)Odwaen1.1ShrubRetarded growthLeafInfusionTopical
Berlinia sp. (A013)Unknown2.2TreeRheumatism
Fever
Root and bark
Bark
Infusion
Decoction
Topical
Oral
Cassia alata L. (K023)Kobatso (Krobo)3.3ShrubPurgative
Menstrual disorders
Fertility problems
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Decoction
Decoction
Decoction
Oral
Oral
Oral
Copaifera salikounda Heckel (A030)Otedua (Akuapem)2.2TreeHigh fever
Piles
Bark
Root and bark
Decoction
Decoction
Topical
Oral/Rectal

LamiaceaeOcimum gratissimum Seem. (A011)Nunnum (Akuapem)2.2HerbBloatingLeafInfusionOral/Topical

MalvaceaeGossypium hirsutum L. (K024)Asawadua (Akuapem)2.2HerbOsteoarthritis
Infertility
Leaf
Leaf
Infusion
Infusion
Oral
Oral

MeliaceaeAzadirachta indica A. Juss (A008)Nimtso (Krobo)5.4TreeFever
Fever
Malaria
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Decoction
Decoction
Decoction
Oral
Oral
Oral
Khaya senegalensis A. Juss. (K008)Mahogany (Akuapem/Krobo)3.3TreeInfertility
Male infertility
Bark
Leaf
Decoction
Decoction
Oral
Oral

MenispermaceaeSphenocentrium jollyanum Pierre (K026)Kramaoti (Akuapem)1.1HerbDiabetesWhole plantDecoctionOral

MoringaceaeMoringa oleifera Lam. (A007)Moringa3.3TreeBlood tonic
Pruritus
Jaundice
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Decoction
Decoction
Decoction
Oral
Oral
Oral

MyrtaceaePsidium guajava L. (K028)Aguava (Akuapem/Krobo)2.2ShrubDiarrhoeaRootDecoctionOral

RutaceaeCitrus sinensis Pers. (K030)Anka (Akuapem)/Kpeta (Krobo)1.1TreeConstipationLeaf and fruitInfusionOral
Zanthoxylum leprieurii Guill. & Perr. (K029)Okanto (Akuapem)/Oyaa (Krobo)2.2ShrubSexual weakness
Stroke
Leaf
Root
Decoction
Decoction
Oral
Oral/Topical

SapindaceaeLecaniodiscus cupanioides Planch. (K031)Unknown1.1ShrubStomach ulcerLeafDecoctionOral
Paullinia pinnata L. (A002)Tuatin (Twi) Detsemamu (Krobo)6.5HerbMiscarriage
Stomach ulcer
Stroke
HIV/AIDS
Bone fracture
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Leaf
Decoction
Infusion
Decoction
Decoction
Infusion
Oral
Oral
Oral
Oral
Oral/Rectal

SapotaceaeAningeria altissima (A. Chev.) Aubrév. (K033)Asanfena (Twi)2.2ShrubStops bleedingLeaf and barkDecoctionOral
Malacantha alnifolia Pierre (K032)Unknown2.2ShrubMiscarriageLeafDecoctionOral

SolanaceaePhysalis angulata L. (K034)Totoa (Krobo)1.1HerbCancerWhole plantInfusionOral/Topical
Solanum melongena L. (A003)Unknown3.3ShrubAnaemiaFruitInfusionOral