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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3861273, 8 pages
Research Article

The Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Sleep Quality of Nurses on Monthly Rotating Night Shifts

1Nursing Department, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
2St. Needs Aromatherapy Care Center, Palliative Ward, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
3Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Li-Yin Chang

Received 10 February 2017; Revised 24 May 2017; Accepted 30 May 2017; Published 6 July 2017

Academic Editor: Vincenzo De Feo

Copyright © 2017 Ying-Ying Chang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The goal of this study is to examine the effects of aromatherapy massage on sleep quality of nurses with monthly rotating night shifts. Subjects were enrolled at a medical center in central Taiwan with overall score ≥ 5 of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and randomly assigned to the treatment or control groups. They were validated by pretests during their first graveyard shift in the trial period and the sleep quality information was collected by using the PSQI and sleep detectors. During the second graveyard shift, the treatment group received aromatherapy massage and the control group rested in the same aromatherapy room after work. All subjects filled out the PSQI surveys and the sleep quality information was collected during massage or resting and the following night. We found that the total PSQI was significantly decreased in the treatment group following the aromatherapy massage. Specifically, the components such as subjective sleep quality, sleep disturbance, and daytime dysfunction were significantly decreased. However, there were no significant changes of average PSQI scores between the two groups before and after intervention. Taken together, our study suggested that aromatherapy massage could improve sleep quality of nurses with monthly rotating night shift.