Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 4296318, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4296318
Research Article

Protective Effects of Bogijetong Decoction and Its Selected Formula on Neuropathic Insults in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Animals

Department of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon University, Daejeon 300-716, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Chung Sik Cho; rk.ujd@2o1oohc

Received 27 April 2017; Accepted 27 June 2017; Published 16 August 2017

Academic Editor: Shuang-En Chuang

Copyright © 2017 Ki-Joong Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Menke, S. Casagrande, L. Geiss, and C. C. Cowie, “Prevalence of and trends in diabetes among adults in the United States, 1988–2012,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 314, no. 10, pp. 1021–1029, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. G. Chen, R. Wang, H. Chen, L. Wu, R.-S. Ge, and Y. Wang, “Gossypol ameliorates liver fibrosis in diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet and streptozocin,” Life Sciences, vol. 149, pp. 58–64, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. Szkudelsk, “The mechanism of alloxan and streptozotocin action in B cells of the rat pancreas,” Physiological Research, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 537–546, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  4. L. Daulhac, C. Mallet, C. Courteix et al., “Diabetes-induced mechanical hyperalgesia involves spinal mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in neurons and microglia via N-methyl-D-aspartate- dependent mechanisms,” Molecular Pharmacology, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 1246–1254, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Wodarski, A. K. Clark, J. Grist, F. Marchand, and M. Malcangio, “Gabapentin reverses microglial activation in the spinal cord of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,” European Journal of Pain, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 807–811, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Yamamoto, Y. Shimoshige, T. Yamaji, N. Murai, T. Aoki, and N. Matsuoka, “Pharmacological characterization of standard analgesics on mechanical allodynia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,” Neuropharmacology, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 403–408, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. M. Kim, C. S. Cho, and C. J. Kim, “Clinical study of 8 diabetic patients with paresthesia,” Korean Journal of Oriental Internal Medicine, vol. 31, pp. 184–191, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  8. S. H. Ahn, I. A. Chang, K.-J. Kim, C.-J. Kim, U. Namgung, and C.-S. Cho, “Bogijetong decoction and its active herbal components protect the peripheral nerve from damage caused by taxol or nerve crush,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 16, no. 1, article no. 402, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Jong bin, K. C. Jung, and C. C. Sik, “Effects of bogijetong-tang on diabetic-peripheral neuropathy induced by streptozotocin in the mouse,” Journal of Korean Medicine, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 126–142, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Sancheti and S.-Y. Seo, “Antidiabetic and antiacetylcholinesterase effects of ethyl acetate fraction of Chaenomeles sinensis (Thouin) Koehne fruits in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,” Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology, vol. 65, no. 1-2, pp. 55–60, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Zhong, X. Zhang, X. Cai, K. Wang, Y. Chen, and Y. Deng, “Puerarin attenuated early diabetic kidney injury through down-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase 9 in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 1, Article ID e85690, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B.-V. Lim, M.-C. Shin, M.-H. Jang et al., “Ginseng radix increases cell proliferation in dentate gyrus of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes,” Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1550–1554, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Sen, S. Chen, B. Feng, Y. Wu, E. Lui, and S. Chakrabarti, “Preventive effects of North American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium) on diabetic nephropathy,” Phytomedicine, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 494–505, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. J. Hong, N. Kim, K. Lee et al., “Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng) ameliorates type 1 diabetes and restores immune cell compartments,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 144, no. 2, pp. 225–233, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H.-D. Lim, M.-H. Kim, C.-Y. Lee, and U. Namgung, “Anti-inflammatory effects of acupuncture stimulation via the vagus nerve,” PLoS ONE, vol. 11, no. 3, Article ID e0151882, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. I. S. Han, T. B. Seo, K.-H. Kim, J.-H. Yoon, S.-J. Yoon, and U. Namgung, “Cdc2-mediated Schwann cell migration during peripheral nerve regeneration,” Journal of Cell Science, vol. 120, no. 2, pp. 246–255, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Zychowska, E. Rojewska, B. Przewlocka, and J. Mika, “Mechanisms and pharmacology of diabetic neuropathy-experimental and clinical studies,” Pharmacological Reports, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 1601–1610, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Tohda, T. Kuboyama, and K. Komatsu, “Search for natural products related to regeneration of the neuronal network,” NeuroSignals, vol. 14, no. 1-2, pp. 34–45, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. M. Kennedy and D. W. Zochodne, “The regenerative deficit of peripheral nerves in experimental diabetes: its extent, timing and possible mechanisms,” Brain, vol. 123, no. 10, pp. 2118–2129, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Y. Sakaue, M. Sanada, T. Sasaki, A. Kashiwagi, and H. Yasuda, “Amelioration of retarded neurite outgrowth of dorsal root ganglion neurons by overexpression of PKCδ in diabetic rats,” NeuroReport, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 431–436, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Sango, H. Mizukami, H. Horie, and S. Yagihashi, “Impaired axonal regeneration in diabetes. perspective on the underlying mechanism from in vivo and in vitro experimental studies,” Frontiers in Endocrinology, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 1–8, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. T. Habash, A. Saleh, S. K. Roy Chowdhury, D. R. Smith, and P. Fernyhough, “The proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-17A, augments mitochondrial function and neurite outgrowth of cultured adult sensory neurons derived from normal and diabetic rats,” Experimental Neurology, vol. 273, pp. 177–189, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. V. Solmaz, B. P. Çınar, G. Yiğittürk, T. Çavuşoğlu, D. Taşkıran, and O. Erbaş, “Exenatide reduces TNF-α expression and improves hippocampal neuron numbers and memory in streptozotocin treated rats,” European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 765, pp. 482–487, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. X. Qiang, J. Satoh, M. Sagara et al., “Gliclazide inhibits diabetic neuropathy irrespective of blood glucose levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,” Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 977–981, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Kumar, G. Negi, and S. S. Sharma, “Suppression of NF-κB and NF-κB regulated oxidative stress and neuroinflammation by BAY 11-7082 (IκB phosphorylation inhibitor) in experimental diabetic neuropathy,” Biochimie, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 1158–1165, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. X. Qiang, J. Satoh, M. Sagara et al., “Inhibitory effect of troglitazone on diabetic neuropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,” Diabetologia, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1321–1326, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Y. Qin, M. Hua, Y. Duan et al., “TNF-α expression in schwann cells is induced by LPS and NF-κB-dependent pathways,” Neurochemical Research, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 722–731, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. S. Smith and J. H. P. Skene, “A transcription-dependent switch controls competence of adult neurons for distinct modes of axon growth,” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 646–658, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. A. Segal and M. E. Greenberg, “Intracellular signaling pathways activated by neurotrophic factors,” Annual Review of Neuroscience, vol. 19, pp. 463–489, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Hanz and M. Fainzilber, “Retrograde signaling in injured nerve—the axon reaction revisited,” Journal of Neurochemistry, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 13–19, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. T. B. Seo, M.-J. Oh, B.-G. You et al., “ERK1/2-mediated schwann cell proliferation in the regenerating sciatic nerve by treadmill training,” Journal of Neurotrauma, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 1733–1744, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Z. Xia, M. Dickens, J. Raingeaud, R. J. Davis, and M. E. Greenberg, “Opposing effects of ERK and JNK-p38 MAP kinases on apoptosis,” Science, vol. 270, no. 5240, pp. 1326–1331, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Scholz and C. J. Woolf, “The neuropathic pain triad: neurons, immune cells and glia,” Nature Neuroscience, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1361–1368, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. U. Namgung, “The role of schwann cell-axon interaction in peripheral nerve regeneration,” Cells Tissues Organs, vol. 200, no. 1, pp. 6–12, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. Baliki, O. Calvo, D. R. Chialvo, and A. V. Apkarian, “Spared nerve injury rats exhibit thermal hyperalgesia on an automated operant dynamic thermal escape task,” Molecular Pain, vol. 1, article no. 18, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. T. Ahmed, S. H. Raza, A. Maryam et al., “Ginsenoside Rb1 as a neuroprotective agent: a review,” Brain Research Bulletin, vol. 125, pp. 30–43, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. Zhou, L. Wang, J. Wang et al., “Paeoniflorin and albiflorin attenuate neuropathic pain via MAPK pathway in chronic constriction injury rats,” Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2016, Article ID 8082753, 11 pages, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. Q.-S. Wang, T. Gao, Y.-L. Cui, L.-N. Gao, and H.-L. Jiang, “Comparative studies of paeoniflorin and albiflorin from Paeonia lactiflora on anti-inflammatory activities,” Pharmaceutical Biology, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 1189–1195, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. X. Yang, W. Yao, Q. Li et al., “Mechanism of Tang Luo Ning effect on attenuating of oxidative stress in sciatic nerve of STZ-induced diabetic rats,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 174, pp. 1–10, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus