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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4548706, 17 pages
Review Article

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Baduanjin Qigong for Health Benefits: Randomized Controlled Trials

1Department of Sport Science, Hunan University, Hunan 410079, China
2Department of Physical Education and Health Education, Springfield College, MA 01109, USA
3Núcleo de Estudos em Atividade Física & Saúde (NEAFISA), Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Avenida Tutunas, 490 Bairro Tutunas, 38061-500 Uberaba, MG, Brazil
4Department of Sport and Physical Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
5Department of Foreign Language Teaching, Jishou University, Hunan 416000, China
6Department of Sport Management, Delaware State University, Dover, DE 19901, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Huiru Wang; moc.361@utjsrhgnaw

Received 31 July 2016; Revised 18 January 2017; Accepted 5 February 2017; Published 7 March 2017

Academic Editor: Narcis Gusi

Copyright © 2017 Liye Zou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. To investigate the effects of practicing Baduanjin Qigong on different health outcomes. Methods. Six electronic databases were used for literature search through entering the following key words: Baduanjin Qigong, quality of life, sleep quality, and health-related outcomes. Results. Nineteen randomized controlled trials were used for meta-analysis. The aggregated results from this systematic review have shown significant benefits in favour of Baduanjin Qigong on quality of life (SMD, −0.75; 95% CI −1.26 to −0.24; ), sleep quality (SMD, −0.55; 95% CI −0.97 to −0.12; ), balance (SMD, −0.94; 95% CI −1.59 to 0.30; ), handgrip strength (SMD, 0.69; 95% CI −1.2 to −0.19; ), trunk flexibility (SMD, −0.66; 95% CI −1.13 to −0.19; ), systolic (SMD, −0.60; 95% CI −0.94 to −0.27; ) and diastolic blood pressure (SMD, −0.46; 95% CI −0.73 to −0.20; ), and resting heart rate (SMD, −0.87; 95% CI −1.47 to −0.27; ). The aggregated results of meta-analyses examining the effect of Baduanjin Qigong on leg power, cardiopulmonary endurance, and pulmonary function remain unclear because of a small number of studies. Conclusions. The aggregated results from this systematic review show that Baduanjin Qigong practice is beneficial for quality of life, sleep quality, balance, handgrip strength, trunk flexibility, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and resting heart rate. Further studies are necessary to confirm the effects of Baduanjin Qigong on leg power, cardiopulmonary endurance, and pulmonary function (e.g., vital capacity), while considering a long-term follow-up. Registration Number. This trial is registered with International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO): CRD42016036966.