Table 1: Comparison of baseline information on demographics and risk factors among groups.

nAg
()
MH
()
Conventional
()
valueSignificance

Origin of participants
 Hospital A9780.134NS
 Hospital B230
 GOPC002
Personal factors
Gender
 M7470.433NS
 F463
Age (years)
mean (SD)
63.36
(11.31)
65.60
(11.42)
66.1
(12.31)
0.948NS
Serum albumin level (mmol/ L)
mean (SD)
32.55
(6.99)
33.80
(4.89)
37.40
(4.84)
0.147NS
Ambulatory status
 Ambulatory111010NANA
Disease factors
Duration of diabetes (years)
mean (SD)
14.82
(10.44)
13.30
(9.63)
15.20
(9.88)
0.921NS
HbA1c level (mmol/ L)
mean (SD)
8.27
(1.32)
8.30
(2.26)
7.59
(0.99)
0.574NS
Ankle brachial index (ABI)
mean (SD)
1.06
(0.20)
1.03
(0.24)
1.13
(0.21)
0.944NS
Heart disease
 Yes4560.604NS
 No754
PAD
 Yes101>0.9999NS
 No10109
Local ulcer factors
Ulcer location on foot
 Toe amputation7220.391NS
 Dorsum121
 Plantar013
 Plantar to dorsum100
 Medial malleolus011
 Anteromedial ankle120
 Lateral malleolus112
 Heel011
Ulcer chronicity
 Acute7560.901NS
 Chronic454
Ulcer duration (weeks)
mean (SD)
11.45
(6.67)
12.80
(10.54)
14.70
(8.12)
0.401NS
Ulcer size (cm2)
mean (SD)
8.68
(6.84)
10.98
(8.03)
8.28
(7.27)
0.495NS
University of Texas (UT) classification Ulcer grade (depth)
 00110.867NS
 1555
 2644
 3000
SWESS (score of 0–30)
mean (SD)
13.27
(2.15)
14.40
(1.90)
12.27
(2.31)
0.195NS
Clinical signs of infection
 None7360.498NS
 Mild363
 Moderate111

Fisher’s exact test.
Kruskal-Wallis test.
Not significant.
Not available.
Significant ().
Chronic wound was defined as wound duration ≥ 12 weeks.