Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Extraoral Taste Receptor Discovery: New Light on Ayurvedic Pharmacology

Table 1

Expression of taste receptor elements and other chemosensorial transducers in various organs or tissues (BAT: brown adipose tissue, H: evidence of TR expression in human tissues, and ?: not yet studied).

OrganSweet
(T1R)
Bitter
(T2R)
Sour
(T2P)
Salty
(ENaC)
Pungent
(TRP)

Stomach(+) [22](+H) [23, 24](+H) [25, 26](+H) [27](+) [28]
Small intestine(+) [29](+) [24](+H) [25](+) [30](+H) [31]
Colon(+) [23](+H) [32](+H) [33](+) [34](+H) [35]
Pancreas(+) [36](+H) [37](+H) [25, 33](+H) [38, 39](+H) [40]
Spleen(+H) [41, 42](+H) [41, 42](+H) [25](+H) [27](+) [43]
Liver+ bile ducts
(−) hepatocytes [44]
(+H) [41, 42](+H) [25](+H) [27, 39](+) [43]
Kidney(+) [45](+H) [41, 42, 46](+H) [25, 47](+H) [39](+) [48]
Urinary bladder(+) [49](+H) [41, 42](+H) [50](+H) [51](+H) [52]
Heart(+) [20](+) [53](+) [33, 54, 55](+H) [27](+) [56]
Vessels?(+) [57](+) [54](+) [58](+H) [59]
Brain(+) [16](+) [60](+H) [54, 61, 62](+H) [38, 63](+) [43]
Respiratory system(+) [64](+) [65](+H) [25](+H) [39](+H) [66]
Adipose tissue(+) [21](+) [67](+BAT) [68]?(+) [43]
Bone?(+) osteoclasts [69](+H) [70, 71](+H) [72, 73](+H) [74]
Bone marrow?(+) [75](+H) [76](+H) [27](+) [77]
Joints??(+H) [78](+) [79]
Leukocytes(+H) [80, 81](+) [82](+) [83](+H) [27](+H) [84]
Testis, sperm(+) [85](+) [86](+) [87](+H) [27, 38](+) [43, 88]
Ovary?(+) [60](+) [89](+H) [38](+) [90, 91]
Uterus?(+H) [41, 42](+H) [25](+) [92](+) [93]
Breast(+H) [41, 42](+) [94](+) [95](+H) [96](+) [97]
Skin?(+H) [98](+) [99](+) [100](+H) [101, 102]
Thyroid?(+) [103](+H) [104](+) [105]?
Thymus(+H) [81](+) [60](+H) [106](+H) [27]?
Adrenal glands(+) [107](+H) [41, 42](+) [108](+H) [27]?
Pituitary gland(+H) [41, 42](+H) [41, 42](+H) [25]??

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.