Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 6027421, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6027421
Research Article

Electroacupuncture at GV20 and ST36 Exerts Neuroprotective Effects via the EPO-Mediated JAK2/STAT3 Pathway in Cerebral Ischemic Rats

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH), Peking Union Medical College (PUMC), Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hua Sun; moc.anis.piv@ehauhnus

Received 20 January 2017; Revised 2 June 2017; Accepted 3 July 2017; Published 7 August 2017

Academic Editor: Shan-Yu Su

Copyright © 2017 Hong Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. While electroacupuncture (EA) in cerebral ischemia has been used to promote functional recovery, the underlying mechanism of its protective effect remains poorly understood. Objective. We investigated the effects of EA stimulation at GV20 and ST36 to observe the changes in erythropoietin- (EPO-) mediated Janus family tyrosine kinases 2 (JAK2) signal transducers and activators of the transcription 3 (STAT3) cell pathway. Methods. Thirty-six specific pathogen-free Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats were randomly assigned to three groups: the sham-operated group (S group), the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) group (M group), and the EA group. Neurological deficits were assessed through the Ludmila Belayev 12-score test and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was shown. The protein and mRNA expression levels of EPO, the EPO receptor (EpoR), p-JAK2, JAK2, p-STAT3, and STAT3 were examined to explore the EA effect on rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury (CIRI). Results. EA significantly decreased infarct size and improved neurological function. Furthermore, target EPO, EpoR, JAK2, and STAT3 mRNA and protein levels significantly increased in the EA group. Conclusions. EA exerts a neuroprotective effect, possibly via the regulation of the EPO-mediated JAK2/STAT3 cell pathway and downstream apoptotic pathways in a rat CIRI model.