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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 6421852, 18 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6421852
Review Article

Systematic Review on Acupuncture for Treatment of Dysphagia after Stroke

1Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Airport Road, Baiyun District, Guangdong, Guangzhou 510006, China
2Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Yide Road, Yuexiu District, Guangdong, Guangzhou 510006, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhenhua Xu; moc.361@110791hzx

Received 3 March 2017; Revised 11 June 2017; Accepted 18 June 2017; Published 9 August 2017

Academic Editor: Ching-Liang Hsieh

Copyright © 2017 Qiuping Ye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To assess the therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture for dysphagia after stroke. Methods. Seven electronic databases were searched from their inception until 31 September 2016. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) incorporating acupuncture or acupuncture combined with other interventions for treatment of dysphagia after stroke were enrolled. Then they were extracted and assessed by two independent evaluators. Direct comparisons were conducted in RevMan 5.3.0 software. Results. 6010 patients of 71 papers were included. The pooled analysis of efficacy rate of 58 studies indicated that acupuncture group was superior to the control group with moderate heterogeneity (RR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.13 1.21, , and ); meta-analysis of the studies using blind method showed that the efficacy rate of acupuncture group was 3.01 times that of control group with no heterogeneity (RR = 3.01, 95% CI: 1.95 4.65, , and ). Only 13 studies mentioned the safety evaluation. Conclusion. The result showed that the acupuncture group was better than control group in terms of efficacy rate of dysphagia after stroke. And the combining result of those researches using blind method was more strong in proof. Strict evaluation standard and high-quality RCT design are necessary for further exploration.