Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6421852, 18 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6421852
Review Article

Systematic Review on Acupuncture for Treatment of Dysphagia after Stroke

1Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Airport Road, Baiyun District, Guangdong, Guangzhou 510006, China
2Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Yide Road, Yuexiu District, Guangdong, Guangzhou 510006, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhenhua Xu; moc.361@110791hzx

Received 3 March 2017; Revised 11 June 2017; Accepted 18 June 2017; Published 9 August 2017

Academic Editor: Ching-Liang Hsieh

Copyright © 2017 Qiuping Ye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Arnold, K. Liesirova, A. Broeg-Morvay et al., “Dysphagia in patients with brainstem stroke_ incidence and outcome,” PLOS ONE, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 170–175, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  2. D. G. Smithard, P. A. O'Neill, C. Park et al., “Complications and outcome after acute stroke: does dysphagia matter?” Stroke, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 1200–1204, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. González-Fernández, L. Ottenstein, L. Atanelov, and A. B. Christian, “Dysphagia after stroke: an overview,” Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 187–196, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. H. Chang, Y. D. Kwon, and S. S. Yoon, “Use of acupuncture therapy as a supplement to conventional medical treatments for acute ischaemic stroke patients in an academic medical centre in Korea,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 256–263, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Z. Li F, “Research progress on acupuncture for dysphagia after stroke,” Journal of liaoning iversity of traditional Chinese medicine, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 210–212, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  6. J. He and Q. C. He, “The disscusion of clinical acupoint chosen rule and thorn moxibustion methods for acupuncture for dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicince, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 550-551, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  7. Z. W. Li, “The influence of acupuncture on the swallowing function of patients with apoplexy,” China's Traditional Chinese Medicine Emergency, vol. 19, pp. 1609–01, 2010 (Croatian). View at Google Scholar
  8. A. Raglio, A. Zaliani, P. Baiardi et al., “Active music therapy approach for stroke patients in the post-acute rehabilitation,” Neurological Sciences, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 893–897, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. A. E. Arch, D. C. Weisman, S. Coca, K. V. Nystrom, C. R. Wira, and J. L. Schindler, “Erratum: Missed ischemic stroke diagnosis in the emergency department by emergency medicine and neurology services,” Stroke, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 668–673, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Q. Sachiko and Q. Sun, PracTical Technique for Rehabilitation of Feeding and Swallowing Disorders [M], vol. 43, Chinese medical science and Technology Press, Beijing, China, 2000.
  11. J. B. Palmer, K. V. Kuhlemeier, D. C. Tippett, and C. Lynch, “A protocol for the videofluorographic swallowing study,” Dysphagia, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 209–214, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C.-H. Zhang, J.-L. Bian, Z.-H. Meng et al., “Tongguan Liqiao acupuncture therapy improves dysphagia after brainstem stroke,” Neural Regeneration Research, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 285–291, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Saito., “Eiichi the treatment of strategic about ingestion and dysphagia,” J n. C G on the Mission of Medical, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 404–408, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  14. B. Martin-Harris and B. Jones, “The videofluorographic swallowing study,” Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 769–785, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Kuo, C. T. Allen, C. Huang, and C. Lee, “Murray secretion scale and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing in predicting aspiration in dysphagic patients,” European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, vol. 274, no. 6, pp. 2513–2519, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. P. Chung and J. Ishii, “jas. Cerebrovascular handicap of acute stage,” Research of C, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 415–421, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Luo, Z. L. Gu, and Z. H. Xu, “The effect observation of 'Tiao Shen li Yan' acupuncture for dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Iournal of Physical and rehabilitation, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 940–942, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  18. W. Xia, C. Zheng, S. Zhu, and Z. Tang, “Does the addition of specific acupuncture to standard swallowing training improve outcomes in patients with dysphagia after stroke? a randomized controlled trial,” A randomized controlled trial Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 237–246, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. Y. Xie, H. Liu, W. Zhou et al., “Effect of acupuncture on dysphagia of convalescent stroke patients,” Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 736–740, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  20. Z. L. Yin, Z. X. Meng, and Y. J. Xie, “Swallowing training combined acupuncture and electrical stimulation treatment on stroke recovery excessie dysphagia,” Chinese Iournal of Physical and rehabilitation, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 916–919, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. R. Zhang, T. Li, and H. X. Chen, “Rev pharynx soup with acupuncture—rehabilitation treatment for dysphagia after ischemic stroke, a randomized controlled study,” Xinjiang Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 09-10, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  22. Q. L. Wang, Tongue Three-Needle Combined with Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Treat Dysphagia after Stroke A Clinical Research, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2016.
  23. B. D. Li and J. Bai, “Clinical observation of 62 cases of post—cerebral hemorrhagic dysphagia treated with cortex—throat—tongue root sequence acupuncture therapy,” World Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 812–815, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  24. C. F. Liu, A study on the Effect of Acupuncture Combined with Rehabilitation for Stoke Patients with Swallowing Dysfunction in Acute Period, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2014.
  25. F. Hang, X. Fu, and T. Wang, “The effect of oral placement therapy combined with acupuncture of specific points on dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. 1129–1133, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. X. Li, G. R. Qiu, and D. P. Liu, “Clinical observation of acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training on dysphagia after stroke,” Journal of Shaanghai Acupuncture and moxibustion, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 388-389, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  27. Z. Q. Zhu, G. G. Xu, and Y. L. Guo, “Effect of acupuncture combined with stroke unit model for dysphagia after stroke,” Medical Journal of the Chinese People Armed Police Forces, vol. 02, no. 10, pp. 144–149, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  28. L. Chen and G. M. Zhang, “Efficacy observation acupuncture and comprehensive rehabilitation project for treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicinevol.26, vol. no.6, pp. 1111–1113, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  29. C. Chen, L. X. Yuan, and G. M. Zhang, “The clinical curative research effect of comprehensive acupuncture and moxibustion therapy on swallowing disorder after stroke,” Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 8–12, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  30. X. L. Wang, Clinical Research of Acupuncture Combined with Drug for Treatment of Dysphagia after Stroke, vol. 4, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, 2013.
  31. Y. B. Duan, “The observation standard of clinical effect for acupuncture combined with medicine for treatment of dysphagia after cerebral hemorrhage,” Cardiovascular Disease Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 28-29, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  32. Y. H. Bao and C. Zou, “Clinical observation of acupuncture combined with medicine for treatment of dysphagia due to pseudobulbar palsy after stroke,” Zhejiang Chinese Medicine University, vol. 25, 62, no. 3, p. 62, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  33. C. F. Fan, H. Y. Jiang, and L. Z. Wu, “Clinical observation on acupuncture treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” Shanghai Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 6-7, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  34. S. W. Feng, S. H. Cao, and S. J. Du, “Randomized controlled study of acupuncture combined with swallowing training for treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 437–450, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  35. S. R. Zhen, L. Li, and W. Li, “'Jieyuliqiao'-Clinical observation acupuncture for treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” vol. 10, no. 12, p. 1462, 2012.
  36. L. Chang, P. L. He, and Z. Z. Zhou, “Observation on therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with functional electrical stimulation on dysphagia after acute stroke,” Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 7737–7740, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  37. P. Wu, F. R. Liang, and B. L. Yu, “Effect of different intervention time of acupuncture and rehabilitation training on dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 733–736, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  38. R. Y. Zhang and Y. D. Yin, “Clinical observation on the treatment of dysphagia after cerebral infarction with Bushen acupuncture,” Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 637–639, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  39. Q. H. Chen, “Clinical observation on the effect of the treatment of dysphagia in stroke patients with the combination of the single point of Lianquan and the case of modified oral cavity,” Chinese Medicine Modern Distance Education of China, vol. 6, no. 6, p. 649, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  40. Z. N. Mao, T. Y. He, and L. Y. Mao, “Clinical study on the treatment of dysphagia after stroke by Professor HeYou Tian - target - acupuncture therapy,” annual meeting of Gansu Academy of traditional Chinese Medicine, pp. 89–93, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  41. Y. J. Guo and A. Y. Li, “Six spring needling combined with the emotional nursing on dysphagia after ischemic stroke- a randomized controlled,” Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 43–46, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  42. S. Gao, H. Z. Huang, and S. F. Li, “Effect of swallowing function training combined with acupuncture on dysphagia after stroke,” Hainan Medical Journal, vol. 27, no. 15, pp. 2531–2533, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  43. H. Bai, “Effect of swallowing therapy combined with acupuncture on dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Journal of Geriatric Care, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 102-103, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  44. B. J. Song, China Academy of Chinese medical Science, China Academy of Chinese Medical Science, 2012.
  45. Z. Zhou, Y. L. Zhang, and H. Yuan, “The clinical observation of 60 cases of scalp and body acupuncture treatment for dysphagia after stroke,” Lishizhen Medicine and Materia Medica Research, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 2160–2162, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  46. C. Liu, “Therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with swallowing training on dysphagia after stroke,” Medical Recapitulate, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 2095-2096, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  47. B. D. Li, J. Bai, and W. B. Gao, “Effect of neck acupuncture combined with swallowing training on pharyngeal phase of dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 31-32, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  48. X. Wang, “30 cases of scalp acupuncture combined with body acupuncture treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” China's Naturopathy, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 14-15, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  49. Q. L. Li and H. D. Zheng, “The clinical observation standard on Tongue three needles of Jinjin and Yuye point for treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” Clinical Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 6, pp. 49-50, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  50. K. R. Gu, Evaluation of The Effect of Three Needles in The Treatment of Dysphagia after Stroke, Gungzhou University of Chinese Medicine, 2011.
  51. N. Gao, H. P. Ma, and X. Z. Zhang, “Clinical observation on treatment of dysphagia after stroke by Tongue acupuncture and Swallowing therapy instrument,” Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 265–267, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  52. H. H. Chen, The Observation of Curative Effect of Tongue Acupuncture for Treatment of Dysphagia after Stroke, Zhejiang University of Chinese Medicine, 2016.
  53. C. L. Ruan, C. J. Zhuang, and Z. Q. Huang, “25 cases of dysphagia after stroke treated by Tongguanliqiao acupuncture,” Fujian Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 31-32, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  54. Q. Wang, “Clinical study of Tongguanliqiao acupuncture therapy for dysphagia after stroke,” Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 721–723, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  55. B. N. E. B. Li, L. J. Tian, T. G. L. S. E. A, H. L. Yuan, and H. M. La, “The application of the tongqiaoxingnao acupuncture for treatment of dysphagia patients after stroke,” Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 2471–2473, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  56. J. H. Zhang, J. Y. Li, and Y. Zhao, “The clinical observation of Tongnaohuoluo acupuncture combined with swallowing training for treatment dysphagia after stroke,” Journal of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 188–191, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  57. F. Qu, The curative effect observation of Jin Three-needle combined with rehabilitation training for treatment of dysphagia after stroke, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, 2009.
  58. X. M. Chen and H. J. Lin, “Xingnaokaiqiao acupuncture therapy for dysphagia after stroke in 59 cases,” Jiangxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 8, no. 47, pp. 71–73, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  59. X. N. Gao and Q. X. Zhu, “Clinical observation of acupuncture treatment of four -pharyngeal ,for dysphagia after stroke of pseudobulbar palsy,” Clinical Journal of Chinese Medicinevol, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 54–57, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  60. D.-D. Liu, X. Tong, J.-Y. Kou, Y. Wei, T.-S. Yang, and L.-D. Qiao, “Influence of acupuncture on remodeling of swallowing functions for patients with pseudobulbar palsy after cerebral infarction,” Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 44–48, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. S. Dong, H. B. Lv, and J. Q. Liu, “Clinical observation of acupuncture combined with swallowing function training on dysphagia (pharyngeal phase) after stroke,” Chinese Journal of traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 129–131, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  62. Y. Zhang, “Effect of acupuncture combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation on dysphagia after cerebral infarction,” Journal of Sichuan of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 168–170, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  63. S. Li, J. S. E, and Y. Qin, “The effect of acupuncture combined with buccal muscle electrical stimulation on oral phase of dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 221–223, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  64. Y. H. Wang and H. Y. Yang, “Study on the clinical curative effect of acupuncture on choke point combined with Kaiqiaoliyan stick and wallowing function training for dysphagia after stroke,” Clinical Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 5, no. 9, pp. 41–43, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  65. N. Ding and S. Zhang, “Effect of nape acupuncture on swallowing function and TCD in patients with pseudobulbar palsy after ischemic stroke,” Medicine Information, vol. 26, no. 5, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  66. Z. Fang, “The effect of acupuncture combined with Chinese medicine ice stimulation on swallowing function of patients with dysphagia after stroke,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 55, no. 11, pp. 931–934, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  67. Y. Qin, Clinical study on acupuncture of eight extra-meridians based treatment of dysphagia after stroke, Chinese Medicine, Yunnan University of Traditional, 2015.
  68. S. Zhang and G. M. Zhang, “Treatment of 87 cases of dysphagia after stroke by acupuncture combined with swallowing rehabilitation training,” Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 56–59, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  69. B. B. Zhu and C. Y. Zhao, “Randomized parallel controlled study of acupuncture combined with swallowing training in the treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 152-153, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  70. R. T. Fu, “Treatment of 53 cases of dysphagia after stroke by acupuncture combined with routine treatment of cerebrovascular disease and rehabilitation therapy,” Traditional Chinese Medicinal Research, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 56–58, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  71. W. M. Zhang, P. Zheng, and W. Q. Zhang, “Standardization of acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training in the treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” World Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 659–661, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  72. A. X. Wei and Y. L. An, “Clinical observation on 50 cases of dysphagia after stroke treated by acupuncture combined with swallowing function training,” World Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, vol. 7, no. 5, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  73. L. L. Yin, “Clinical study on acupuncture combined with rehabilitation therapy for 57 cases of dysphagia after stroke,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 766–768, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  74. L. P. Huang, L. L. Sun, and X. X. Zhang, “Clinical observation of acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training on dysphagia after stroke,” Shaanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 329-330, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  75. L. R. Chen, Q. Lin, and L. Lin, “Therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation on dysphagia after stroke: a report of 28 cases,” Journal of Fujian University of TCM, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 54-55, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  76. L. Wang and Y. Cui, “Clinical observation on 70 cases of dysphagia after stroke treated by acupuncture combined with pulse electrotherapy,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 52, no. 24, pp. 2112–2114, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  77. A. Y. Li, “The curative effect observation of Quan point acupuncture combined with acupoint massage for treatment of dysphagia after stroke which was complicated by pulmonary infection,” Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1783–1785, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  78. C. X. Yi, The clinical efficacy observation of Rendu meridian acupoints combined with the stroke unit for treatment of dysphagia after stroke, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, 2014.
  79. L. Jia, D. Liu, and J. Bai, “Effect analysis of four-choke acupuncture combined with rehabilitation therapy for dysphagia after stroke,” Contemporary Medicine, vol. 20, no. 36, pp. 1-2, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  80. X. S. Huang, Q. Tian, and R. Y. Mo, “A randomized parallel controlled study of acupuncture for treatment of moderate to severe dysphagia in stroke patients,” Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 143-144, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  81. X. E. Feng and L. Sun, “Observation on therapeutic effect of acupuncture on dysphagia after stroke: a report of 30 cases,” China Health Standard Management, vol. 7, pp. 149–151, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  82. Q. Chen, W. G. Xia, and B. G. Chen, “Clinical study on acupuncture treatment of dysphagia caused by pseudobulbar palsy after stroke,” Nei Mongol Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 05, no. 11, pp. 118-119, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  83. W. X. Feng, P. Li, and Y. M. Min, “Acupuncture treatment of dysphagia after stroke: a report of 45 cases,” Shaanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 91-92, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  84. Z. H. Yu and J. F. Hu, “78 Cases of Acupuncture Combined with Rehabilitation Training in The Treatment of Dysphagia after Stroke,” in Proceedings of The 2011 Annual Meeting of The Chinese Society for Acupuncture And Moxibustion, pp. 55–58, 2011.
  85. Y. Z. Zhao and H. Zhang, “Observation on therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with swallowing therapy on dysphagia after stroke,” Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 29-30, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  86. W. J. Yu, M. X. Zhang, and C. M. Sun, “Acupuncture for dysphagia after stroke: a report of 30 cases,” Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 21–23, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  87. D. Zheng, Clinical Study of Scalp Acupuncture Combined with Rehabilitation Training for Treatment of Dysphagia after Stroke, Gungzhou University of Chinese Medicine, 2014.
  88. L. P. Wang and Y. Xie, “Systematic evaluation on acupuncture for treatment of dysphagia after stroke,” Chinese Acupuncture, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 141–146, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  89. D. Meng, Y. B. Shang, Y. F. Fu et al., “Clinical literature study of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of post-stroke dysphagia based on meta analysis,” Chinese Medicine Modern Distance Education of China, vol. 16, no. 64, pp. 148–153, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  90. Y.-B. Long and X.-P. Wu, “A meta-analysis of the efficacy of acupuncture in treating dysphagia in patients with a stroke,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 291–297, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  91. M. M. B. Costa, “Videofluoroscopy: The gold standard exam for studying swallowing and its dysfunction,” Arquivos de Gastroenterologia, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 327-328, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  92. J. Zhang, Y.-J. Wang, and T. Cui, “Reliability and validity of nine rating scales for dysphagia following stroke,” Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1201–1203, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  93. J. W. Wu, X. Bi, and L. Song, “Value of applying water swallowing trst for patients with dysphagia after acute stroke,” Journal of Shanghai Jiao Tong University(Medical Science, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 1049–1053, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  94. S. Zhang, B. Wu, M. Liu et al., “Acupuncture efficacy on ischemic stroke recovery: multicenter randomized controlled trial in China,” Stroke, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 1301–1306, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  95. J. Liu, S. N. Li, L. Liu et al., “Conventional acupuncture for cardiac arrhythmia: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials,” Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, pp. 1–9, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  96. Y. Cai, C. S. Zhang, S. Liu et al., “Electro-acupuncture for post-stroke spasticity: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  97. H. J. Lee, Y. Kim, and W. Y. Kim, “Safety concerns with thoracoabdominal acupuncture: experience at a tertiary-care emergency department,” Pain Medicine, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  98. Q. Y. Li, Y. Y. Liu, J. Zhang et al., “Analysis of the adverse reactions of acupuncture and acupuncture accidents,” Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, vol. 8, no. 31, pp. 0255–0930, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  99. D. Moher, K. F. Schulz, D. G. Altman, and L. Lepage, “The CONSORT statement: revised recommendations for improving the quality of reports of parallel-group randomized trials,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 134, no. 8, pp. 657–662, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus