Table 2: Biological experiments from isolated constituents from Dalbergia odorifera species.

NumberCompoundsBiological experimentsReferences

34′,5,7-Trihydroxy-3-methoxyflavoneAntioxidant[19]
4FormononetinAlpha-glucoside inhibition, antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxicity[3, 2326]
52′-O-MethylformononetinAnti-inflammatory[24]
6DaidzeinAnti-inflammatory[24]
83′-MethoxydaidzeinAntioxidant[19]
107,3′-Dihydroxy-5′-methoxyisoflavoneAlpha-glucoside inhibition, anti-inflammatory[28, 29]
11TectorigeninAlpha-glucoside inhibition, cytotoxicity[3, 23]
12KoparinAnti-inflammatory[18]
13Xenognosin BAnti-inflammatory[18]
16Biochanin AAntioxidant[33]
17Biochanin BAntioxidant[33]
18Olibergin AAnti-inflammatory[24]
19OrobolAnti-inflammatory[24]
20BowdichioneAnti-inflammatory[18]
21(2S)-LiquiritigeninAlpha-glucoside inhibition, antibacterial, cytotoxicity[3, 23, 29, 34]
22EriodictyolAntioxidant[33]
23NaringeninAntioxidant[33]
24(2S)-PinocembrinAlpha-glucoside inhibition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory[24, 29, 33]
26(2S)-PinostrobinAnti-inflammatory[24]
27(2S)-3′,5,5′,7-TetrahydroxyflavanoneAnti-inflammatory[24]
28(2S)-7-Methoxy-4′,6-dihydroxyflavanoneAnti-inflammatory[24]
29CarthamidinAntibacterial[34]
316,4′-Dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanoneAnti-inflammatory[28, 43]
32(2S)-6,7,4′-TrihydroxyflavanAnti-inflammatory[28]
33(2S)-6,4′-Dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanAlpha-glucoside inhibition, anti-inflammatory[28, 29]
346,7-Dimethoxy-2-(4-methoxybenzoquinonyl)-flavanCytotoxicity[35]
35(3R)-SativanoneAlpha-glucoside inhibition, antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory[24, 29, 33, 34]
36(3R)-ViolanoneAnti-inflammatory[24]
37(3R)-3′-O-MethylviolanoneAnti-inflammatory[18, 24]
38(3R)-VestitoneAntibacterial[34]
39(3S)-2′,4′,5′-Trimethoxy-7-hydroxyisoflavanoneAnti-inflammatory[24]
40(3R)-2′,3′,7-Trihydroxy-4′-methoxyisoflavanoneAntioxidant, antibacterial[19, 20, 34]
41(3R)-4′-Methoxy-2′,3,7-trihydroxyisoflavanoneAnti-inflammatory, antibacterial[24, 34]
42(3S)-2′,4′-Dimethoxy-3,7-dihydroxyisoflavanoneAnti-inflammatory[24]
43(3R)-7,3′-Dihydroxy-6,2′,4′-trimethoxyisoflavanoneAntibacterial, cytotoxicity[7]
44(3R)-VestitolAntioxidant, antibacterial, cytotoxicity, PG synthetase inhibition[19, 21, 22, 34]
45(3R)-5′-MethoxyvestitolAlpha-glucoside inhibition, antioxidant, cytotoxicity[3, 23, 25]
48IsoduratinPG synthetase inhibition[21, 22]
49MucronulatolAlpha-glucoside inhibition, cytotoxicity, PG synthetase inhibition[3, 2123]
50(3R)-CalussequinoneAlpha-glucoside inhibition, antibacterial, cytotoxicity[3, 23, 26]
517-Hydroxy-5′-methoxyspiro[benzo[d][,]dioxole-2′,3-chroman]-4-oneCytotoxicity[35]
52OdoriflaveneAntioxidant, cytotoxicity, PG synthetase inhibition[21, 22, 25]
55MelanettinAnti-inflammatory[24]
563′-HydroxymelanettinAntioxidant, anti-inflammatory[24, 33]
57R(−)-LatifolinAlpha-glucoside inhibition, anti-inflammatory[24, 28, 29, 37]
58R(−)-5-O-MethylatifolinAnti-inflammatory[28]
59R(−)-DalbergiphenolAnti-inflammatory[28]
609-Hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxydalbergiquinolAnti-inflammatory[5, 28]
614,5-Dimethoxy-2-hydroxydalbergiquinolAnti-inflammatory[24]
622,4,5-Trimethoxy-3′-hydroxydalbergiquinolAnti-inflammatory[24]
65IsoliquiritigeninAlpha-glucoside inhibition, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory[18, 24, 28, 29, 34, 44]
662′-O-Methyl-isoliquiritigeninAntioxidant, cytotoxicity[25]
674,2′,5′-Trihydroxy-4′-methoxychalconeAnti-inflammatory[28, 45]
68ButeinAnti-inflammatory, vasorelaxant activity[24, 46, 47]
69α,2′,3,4,4′-PentahydroxydihydrochalconeAnti-inflammatory[24]
70α,2′,4,4′-TetrahydroxydihydrochalconeAnti-inflammatory[24]
71MedicarpinAlpha-glucoside inhibition, antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxicity[3, 19, 23, 26], [39]
72(6aR,11aR)-6a,9-Dimethoxy-3-hydroxypterocarpanCytotoxicity[7]
73(6aR,11aR)-6a,3,9-TrimethoxypterocarpanAntibacterial, cytotoxicity[7]
74(6aR,11aR)-VariabiinAntibacterial, cytotoxicity[7]
75VesticarpanCytotoxicity[7]
763-Methoxy-9-hydroxypterocarpanAntibacterial, cytotoxicity[7]
77Meliotocarpan AAntibacterial, cytotoxicity[7]
79Meliotocarpan DAntibacterial, cytotoxicity[7]
922-(2-(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)-2-oxoethoxy)-4-hydrobenzoic acidAntibacterial, cytotoxicity[7]
932-(2,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-1-(4-hydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl)ethanoneCytotoxicity[7]
94ObtustyrenePG synthetase inhibition[21, 22]
95HydroxyobtustyreneCytotoxicity, PG synthetase inhibition[2123]
96IsomucronustyrenePG synthetase inhibition[21, 22]
97CearoinAnti-inflammatory[18, 28]
982,2′,5-Trihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenoneAnti-inflammatory[28]
992,4-Dihydroxy-5-methoxybenzophenoneAntioxidant[19]
100Methyl-2-hydroxy-3,4-dimethoxybenzoatePG synthetase inhibition[21, 22]
1012-Hydroxy-3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehydeCytotoxicity[23]
1026α-HydroxycyclonerolidolAntibacterial[41]
103Rel-(3R,6R,7S)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-3,7-epoxy-1,10-dodecadien-6-olAntibacterial[41]
104Rel-(3S,6R,7S,10S)-2,6,10-Trimethyl-3,6,7,10-diepoxy-2-dodecen-11-olAntibacterial[41]
105Rel-(3S,6R,7S,10R)-2,6,10-Trimethyl-3,6,7,10-diepoxy-11-dodecen-2-olAntibacterial[41]
106Rel-(2R,2′R,5′S)-2,5′-Dimethyl-5′-vinylhexahydro-2,2′-bifuran-5(2H)-oneAntibacterial[41]
107CrocinervolideAntibacterial[41]
108NeroplofurolAntibacterial[41]
109Rel-(3S,6R,7S,9E)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-3,6-epoxy-1,9,11-dodecatrien-7-olAntibacterial[41]
110Rel-(3S,6R,7S)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-3,6-epoxy-1-dodecen-7,11-diolAntibacterial[41]
111Rel-(3S,6R,7S)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-3,6-epoxy-1,10-dodecadien-7-olAntibacterial[41]
112Rel-(3S,6S,7R)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-3,6-epoxy-1,10-dodecadien-7-olAntibacterial[41]
113(3S,6R,7R)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-3,6-epoxy-1,10-dodecadien-7-olAntithrombotics, antiplatelet[42]
114(3S,6S,7R)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-3,6-epoxy-1,10-dodecadien-7-olAntithrombotics, antiplatelet[42]
115(E)-7-Hydroxy-6,10-dimethylundeca-5,9-dien-2-oneAntibacterial[41]
1163,7,11-Trimethyldodeca-1,10-diene-3,6,7-triolAntibacterial[41]
117(3S,5E)-3,11-Dimethyl-7-methylenedodaca-1,5,10-trien-3-olAntibacterial[41]
118Rel-(S,E)-2-[(S)-2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]-6,10-dimethylundeca-5,9-dien-2-olAntibacterial[41]
119(2R,3R)-ObtusafuranAnti-inflammatory[4, 28]
1206-Methoxy-5,2′,4′-trihydroxy-3-benzoylbenzofuranAntibacterial, cytotoxicity[7]
121Phenylbenzofuran ICytotoxicity[35]
122SulfuretinAntibacterial[34]
123IsoparvifuranAnti-inflammatory[4, 28]
1242′,6-Dihydroxy-4′-methoxy-2-arylbenzofuran
(6-hydroxy-2-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)benzofuran)
Anti-inflammatory[39]
125(S)-4-MethoxydalbergioneAnti-inflammatory, antiosteosarcoma[18, 48]
126R(+)-4-MethoxydalbergioneAnti-inflammatory, antiosteosarcoma[28, 38]
1274′-Hydroxy-4-methoxydalbergioneAnti-inflammatory[28]
1282-Methoxy-3-hydroxyxanthoneAnti-inflammatory[24]
129Hexanoic acid, 2-propenyl esterAntioxidant[19]
130Hexadecanoic acid, ethyl esterAntioxidant[19]
1313,8-Nonadien-2-oneAntioxidant[19]