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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7158756, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7158756
Research Article

Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils against Candida albicans Strains Isolated from Users of Dental Prostheses

1Federal University of Paraíba, 58051-900 João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
2Mycology Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of Paraíba, 58051-970 João Pessoa, PB, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Julliana Cariry Palhano Freire; moc.liamtoh@onahlapanailluj

Received 2 June 2017; Revised 1 August 2017; Accepted 7 August 2017; Published 26 September 2017

Academic Editor: Francesca Mancianti

Copyright © 2017 Julliana Cariry Palhano Freire et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The objective of this study was to analyze the antifungal activity of citral, selected by screening natural products, against Candida albicans isolates from subjects who use dental prostheses. Methodology. Screening of essential oils, including those from Mentha piperita L. (Briq), Origanum vulgare, and Zingiber officinale L., and the phytoconstituents citral and limonene, to select an appropriate natural product. Citral, which mediated the best antifungal response, was selected for biological assays. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum fungicidal concentrations (MFCs) for citral and nystatin were determined by the microdilution method. Micromorphological analyses, time-kill curve, and modulation tests were performed. Results. The MIC and MFC of citral were established as 32 μg/mL, consistent with fungicidal activity. The clinical strains were resistant to nystatin. Citral caused micromorphological alteration in the strains. In the time-kill curve, the growth of the clinical strain was reduction in growth equal to 3 log10 colony-forming units per milliliter after exposure to the MIC and of citral for 2 h. Citral did not modulate the resistance of the studied strains to nystatin. Conclusion. This study revealed the potential of citral as a fungicidal agent and highlighted the resistance of clinical strains of C. albicans to nystatin.