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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 7347219, 10 pages
Research Article

Bark Extracts of Ceylon Cinnamon Possess Antilipidemic Activities and Bind Bile Acids In Vitro

1Herbal Technology Section (HTS), Modern Research & Development Complex (MRDC), Industrial Technology Institute (ITI), 503A Halbarawa Gardens, Malabe, Sri Lanka
2Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
3Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Ratmalana, Sri Lanka

Correspondence should be addressed to Sirimal Premakumara Galbada Arachchige; kl.iti@psag

Received 6 March 2017; Revised 13 May 2017; Accepted 1 June 2017; Published 20 July 2017

Academic Editor: Mohammed S. Ali-Shtayeh

Copyright © 2017 Walimuni Prabhashini Kaushalya Mendis Abeysekera et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ethanol (95%) and dichloromethane : methanol (1 : 1) bark extracts of authenticated Ceylon cinnamon were investigated for range of antilipidemic activities (ALA): HMG-CoA reductase, lipase, cholesterol esterase, and cholesterol micellization inhibitory activities and bile acids binding in vitro. Individual compounds in bark extracts were also evaluated. Bark extracts showed ALA in all the assays studied. The IC50 (μg/mL) values ranged within , , , and , respectively, for HMG-CoA reductase, lipase, cholesterol esterase, and cholesterol micellization inhibitory activities. The bile acids binding (3 mg/mL) for taurocholate, glycodeoxycholate, and chenodeoxycholate ranged within , , and %, respectively. The observed ALA were moderate compared to the reference drugs studied. Individual compounds in bark extracts ranged within and  mg/g of extract. Cinnamaldehyde and gallic acid were the highest and the lowest among the tested compounds. The ethanol extract had highest quantity of individual compounds and ALA investigated. Properties observed indicate usefulness of Ceylon cinnamon bark in managing hyperlipidemia and obesity worldwide. Further, this study provides scientific evidence for the traditional claim that Ceylon cinnamon has antilipidemic activities.