Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Acupuncture for Alcohol Use Disorder: A Meta-Analysis

Table 1

Summary of studies included in the meta-analysis.

Study Acupuncture/control Treatment protocolAssessmentF/U
AgeInterventionAcupointTreatment periods

Chang et al. (2010)17/1046/51Needle/relaxationEarTwice weekly for 10 wksAlcohol craving
Anxiety
Trümpler et al. (2003)15/1645/49Needle/sham laserEarDaily until the end of withdrawalAlcohol
withdrawal
Karst et al. (2002)17/1746/41Needle/placebo needleEar & bodyDaily for 2 wksAlcohol
withdrawal
Anxiety
Bullock et al. (2002)98/115NRNeedle, specific/nonspecificEarDaily for 3 wksAlcohol craving12 mon later
Rampes et al. (1997)10/1239/40Electroacupuncture, specific/nonspecificEarOnce weekly for 6 wksAlcohol craving6 mon later
Anxiety
Alcohol use
Worner et al. (1992)19/2142/42Needle/sham transdermalBodyThrice weekly for 3 monAA attendance6 mon later
Bullock et al. (1989)32/25NRNeedle, specific/nonspecificEarOnce weekly for the first 2 wks, thrice weekly for the next 4 weeks, and twice weekly for the last 2 wksDrinking episode
Alcohol use
Bullock et al. (1987)19/13NRNeedle, specific/nonspecificEarDaily for 5 days, thrice weekly for the next 4 weeks, and twice weekly for 45 daysAlcohol craving
Alcohol use

Mean of age of all participants in the study.
Included only for an investigation of long-term effect.
Psychological variables included in the analysis for the overall effect size estimation.
F/U, included in the follow-up data analysis; mon, month; NR, not reported; specific/nonspecific, specific point or nonspecific point to addiction; wks, weeks.

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