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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 8378219, 14 pages
Review Article

Baduanjin Exercise for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

1Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China
2Department of Cardiovascular Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Wei Wu; moc.qq@8674652333

Received 22 May 2017; Accepted 7 September 2017; Published 19 October 2017

Academic Editor: Chris Zaslawski

Copyright © 2017 Junmao Wen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. To investigate the effects of Baduanjin exercise for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods. Literature retrieval was performed in several databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Data Information Site, CBM, and VIP from inception to April 2017. Randomized controlled trials on evaluating the effects of Baduanjin exercise were identified. The primary outcomes were glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood-glucose, and postprandial plasma glucose. Review Manager 5.2 (RevMan 5.2) and Stata V.13.0 software were conducted for data analysis. Results. The results of the meta-analysis indicated that the effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus were favoring Baduanjin plus conventional therapy, when compared with the routine treatment. Baduanjin plus conventional therapy lowered the level of glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood-glucose, postprandial plasma glucose, TC, TG, and LDL-C and improved HDL-C. Adverse events were not mentioned in all included studies. No publication bias was detected by Begg’s and Egger’s test and no single study affected the overall result by influence analysis. Conclusions. Evidence from meta-analysis suggested that Baduanjin exercise plus conventional therapy has a positive effect on type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, more rigorously designed and large sample RCTs are required to confirm the efficacy and safety in further studies.