Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Effect of Tai Chi Training on Dual-Tasking Performance That Involves Stepping Down among Stroke Survivors: A Pilot Study

Table 2

Demographic and clinical characteristics of the subjects.

Tai Chi
()
Conventional exercise
()
Control
()
value

Age (year)63.9 ± 6.163.2 ± 9.763.2 ± 6.00.975
Gender (male : female) 5 : 4 3 : 2 4 : 50.827
Height (cm)161.4 ± 5.2160.4 ± 5.4162.6 ± 8.20.836
Weight (kg)59.6 ± 4.5 57.4 ± 12.3 61.7 ± 16.80.821
Education (year) 8.4 ± 2.1 9.7 ± 3.210.3 ± 4.70.624
MMSE score29.2 ± 0.427.0 ± 1.927.3 ± 2.70.074
BBS score51.0 ± 2.950.3 ± 3.254.2 ± 1.70.074
Functional reach (cm)23.9 ± 3.723.9 ± 8.332.1 ± 9.00.133
TUGT (sec)14.5 ± 4.612.2 ± 2.112.3 ± 5.10.661
Outdoor walking aid (unaided : stick) 3 : 6 3 : 2 4 : 50.626
Chronicity (year) 3.3 ± 3.0 8.8 ± 7.9 4.6 ± 3.00.103
Number of strokes
 17580.485
 2201
Type of stroke (ischemic : hemorrhage : mixed) 7 : 1 : 1 2 : 3 : 0 8 : 1 : 00.140
Side of stroke (right : left) 5 : 4 3 : 2 8 : 70.254
Attendance (%)94.0 ± 7.6 78.3 ± 20.7 N/A0.091
Self-practice during the intervention period (min/week) 67.5 ± 44.2 145.1 ± 114.7 N/A0.090
Self-practice during the follow-up period (min/week) 58.0 ± 52.2 10.0 ± 17.3 N/A0.184

Values are in mean ± SD. MMSE: Mini-Mental Status Examination (Cantonese version); BBS: Berg Balance Scale; TUGT: Timed Up-and-Go Test.

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