Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 2786106, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2786106
Research Article

Themes Underlying Australian General Practitioner Views towards Chiropractic and Osteopathy: An Assessment of Free Text Data from a Cross-Sectional Survey

1School of Health & Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Military Road, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia
2Department of Chiropractic, Macquarie University, Balaclava Road, North Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to Roger Engel; ua.ude.qm@legne.regor

Received 21 August 2017; Revised 23 November 2017; Accepted 12 December 2017; Published 14 January 2018

Academic Editor: H. Stephen Injeyan

Copyright © 2018 Sandra Grace et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. M. Engel, R. Beirman, and S. Grace, “An indication of current views of Australian general practitioners towards chiropractic and osteopathy: a cross-sectional study,” Chiropractic and Manual Therapies, vol. 24, no. 1, article 37, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. “Chiropractors' Registration Board, Guide to the Chiropractors Act 2001 Sydney: New South Wales Government Department of Health,” 2002, http://www.chiroreg.health.nsw.gov.au/hprb/chiro_web/pdf%5Cguidetoact.pdf.
  3. Osteopathy Chiropractic and Naturopathy Committee, Report upon Osteopathy, Chiropractic and Naturopathy, Legislative Council of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia, 1975.
  4. E. Webb, “Report of the Committee of Inquiry into Chiropractic, Osteopathy, Homoeopathy and Naturopathy,” Tech. Rep. 064292287X, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Bolton, “Chiropractic education in Australia: historical perspectives and contemporary issues,” Chiropractic Journal of Australia, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 70–77, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Bolton, “Chiropractic education in Australia: a short history of its emergence and development,” Chiropractic Journal of Australia, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 88–90, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  7. S. Grace, S. Vemulpad, and Bierman R., “Primary contact practitioner training: a comparison of chiropractic and naturopathic curricula in Australia,” Chiropractic Journal of Australia, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 19–24, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  8. Chiropractors Association of Australia, About CAA: History 2017, https://chiropractors.asn.au/about-caa/history-2.
  9. Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. Medicare Benefits Schedule. Allied Health and Dental Services., Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia,.
  10. M. Kelner, B. Wellman, S. Welsh, and H. Boon, “How far can complementary and alternative medicine go? The case of chiropractic and homeopathy,” Social Science & Medicine, vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 2617–2627, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. V. Pirotta, M. M. Cohen, V. Kotsirilos, and S. J. Farish, “Complementary therapies: have they become accepted in general practice?” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 172, no. 3, pp. 105–109, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Easthope, B. Tranter, and G. Gill, “Normal medical practice of referring patients for complementary therapies among Australian general practitioners,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 226–233, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. R. Jamison, “Chiropractic referral: the views of a group of conventional medical practitioners with an interest in unconventional therapies,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 512–518, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. F. Walker, “The new chiropractic,” Chiropractic and Manual Therapies, vol. 24, p. 26, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. A. Sikorskii, G. Wyatt, D. Victorson, G. Faulkner, and M. H. Rahbar, “Methodological issues in trials of complementary and alternative medicine interventions,” Nursing Research , vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 444–451, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. L. Bishop and M. M. Holmes, “Mixed methods in CAM research: a systematic review of studies published in 2012,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 187365, 12 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Chiropractic Association of Australia, Building the Evidence, The Australian Chiropractor, Sydney, Australia, 2017.
  18. R. Bhaskar, A Realist Theory of Science, Verso, London, UK, 1997.
  19. D. Walsh and K. Evans, “Critical realism: an important theoretical perspective for midwifery research,” Midwifery, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Alderson, “The philosophy of critical realism and childhood studies,” Global Studies of Childhood, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 199–210, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. Creswell, Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design, SAGE Publications, Inc, London, UK, 3rd edition, 2013.
  22. M. P. Fay, “Two-sided exact tests and matching confidence intervals for discrete data,” The R Journal, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 53–58, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Chou, R. Deyo, J. Friedly, A. Skelly, R. Hashimoto et al., “Nonpharmacologic therapies for low back pain: a systematic review for an american college of physicians clinical practice guideline,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 166, no. 7, pp. 493–505, 2017. View at Google Scholar
  24. S. Mathieson, C. G. Maher, A. J. McLachlan et al., “Trial of pregabalin for acute and chronic sciatica,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 376, no. 12, pp. 1111–1120, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. Maher, M. Underwood, and R. Buchbinder, “Non-specific low back pain,” The Lancet, vol. 389, no. 10070, pp. 736–747, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Australian Broadcasting Corporation News, “Chiropractic Board of Australia accused of failing to act on misleading claims, 2016,” http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-01-18/chiropractic-board-of-australia-under-investigation/7096366.
  27. “Australian Doctor, AHPRA announces crackdown on fake cure claims, 2017,” https://www.australiandoctor.com.au/news/latest-news/ahpra-announces-crackdown-on-fake-cure-claims.
  28. S. Grace and P. J. Orrock, “Criticality in osteopathic medicine: exploring the relationship between critical thinking and clinical reasoning,” in The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Thinking in Higher Education, M. Davies and R. Barnett, Eds., pp. 475–490, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, NY, USA, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  29. S. Grace, E. Innes, B. Joffe, L. East, R. Coutts, and S. Nancarrow, “Identifying common values among seven health professions: an interprofessional analysis,” Journal of Interprofessional Care, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 325–334, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Grace, P. Orrock, B. Vaughan, R. Blaich, and R. Coutts, “Understanding clinical reasoning in osteopathy: a qualitative research approach,” Chiropractic and Manual Therapies, vol. 24, no. 1, article 6, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  31. The Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency, Annual Report 2015/2016, 2016, http://www.ahpra.gov.au/annualreport.
  32. R. M. Engel, B. T. Brown, M. S. Swain, and R. P. Lystad, “The provision of chiropractic, physiotherapy and osteopathic services within the Australian private health-care system: a report of recent trends,” Chiropractic and Manual Therapies, vol. 22, no. 1, article 3, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. French, M. J. Charity, K. Forsdike, J. M. Gunn, B. I. Polus, B. F. Walker et al., “Chiropractic Observation and Analysis Study (COAST): providing an understanding of current chiropractic practice,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 199, pp. 687–691, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  34. “The Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency, AHPRA Performance Report, New South Wales, 2017,” http://www.ahpra.gov.au/.
  35. S. K. Otoo, P. Hendrick, and D. C. Ribeiro, “The comparative effectiveness of advice/education compared to active physiotherapy (manual therapy and exercise) in the management of chronic non-specific low back pain,” Physical Therapy Reviews, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 16–26, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. M. J. Garner, M. Birmingham, P. Aker et al., “Developing integrative primary healthcare delivery: adding a chiropractor to the team,” Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 18–24, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. D. Westin, T. Tandberg, C. John, and I. Axén, “GPs opinions and perceptions of chiropractic in Sweden and Norway: a descriptive survey,” Chiropractic and Manual Therapies, vol. 21, no. 1, article 29, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus