Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2018 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Antihyperglycemic and Antilipidemic Effects of the Ethanol Extract Mixture of Ligularia fischeri and Momordica charantia in Type II Diabetes-Mimicking Mice

Figure 4

Effects of MCE, LFE, and MLM on the mRNA expression of DPP-4 and GLP-1R in C2C12 cells. DPP-4 (a) and GLP-1R (b). The mRNA expression levels of each gene were normalized with GAPDH. Then control value was set at 1.0 and expressed as a relative ratio of control value. Data are the mean ± SEM. p < 0.01 versus the untreated control. MCE, ethanol extract of Momordica charantia fruit; LFE, ethanol extract of Ligularia fischeri leaves; MLM, 8:2 mixture of MCE and LFE.