Antihyperglycemic and Antilipidemic Effects of the Ethanol Extract Mixture of Ligularia fischeri and Momordica charantia in Type II Diabetes-Mimicking Mice
Effects of MCE, LFE, and MLM on the mRNA expression of IRS-1, GLUT-4, and PPARγ in 3T3-L1 cells. IRS-1 (a), GLUT-4 (b), and PPARγ (c). The mRNA expression levels of each gene were normalized with GAPDH. Then control value was set at 1.0 and expressed as a relative ratio of control value. Data are the mean ± SEM. p < 0.05, p < 0.01 versus the untreated control. MCE, ethanol extract of Momordica charantia fruit; LFE, ethanol extract of Ligularia fischeri leaves; MLM, 8:2 mixture of MCE and LFE.