Table 2: Change in metabolic parameters after intervention with bitter melon.

Control group (n = 20)Intervention group (n = 23)p-value

Body weightBaseline66.9 ± 14.562.5 ± 13.70.3
Post intervention66.6 ± 14.162.1 ± 13.50.3
Change-0.3 ± 1.1-0.4 ± 1.20.6
Body mass index, kg/m2Baseline24.0 ± 3.923.1 ± 4.60.5
Post intervention23.9 ± 3.722.9 ± 4.50.5
Change-0.1 ± 0.4-0.2 ± 0.50.6
Systolic pressure, mmHgBaseline131.3 ± 20.2131.3 ± 18.00.7
Post intervention130.7 ± 19.2128.1 ± 22.70.7
Change-2.8 ± 14.7-3.2 ± 14.60.9
Diastolic pressure, mmHgBaseline83.0 ± 15.381.2 ± 10.30.7
Post intervention83.3 ± 12.679.2 ± 11.30.3
Change0.3 ± 7.92.0 ± 8.70.4
Total cholesterol, mg/dLBaseline216.2 ± 34.5224.3 ± 35.60.5
Post intervention220.8 ± 34.4225.1 ± 38.80.7
Change4.6 ± 31.20.8 ± 19.10.6
LDL-C, mg/dLBaseline119.9 ± 28.7129.0 ± 28.90.3
Post intervention131.9 ± 32.1123.4 ± 32.00.4
Change12.0 ± 27.3-5.7 ± 18.50.02
HDL-C, mg/dLBaseline68.3 ± 25.070.8 ± 19.40.7
Post intervention70.9 ± 20.269.6 ± 19.10.8
Change2.6 ± 15.6-1.3 ± 8.40.3
Triglycerides, mg/dLBaseline116.5 ± 77.8132.8 ± 108.40.3
Post intervention108.6 ± 61.6192.1 ± 229.80.12
Change7.9 ±192.359.3 ± 200.40.17
Glucose, mg/dLBaseline111.8 ± 38.7106.7 ± 38.40.7
Post intervention108.2 ± 34.3108.2 ± 44.21.0
Change-3.6 ± 9.91.5 ± 12.30.15
Glycated hemoglobin, %Baseline5.9 ± 1.15.8 ± 1.10.8
Post intervention5.9 ± 1.05.8 ± 1.10.7
Change0 ± 0.10 ± 0.10.7