Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Effect of Osteopathic Visceral Manipulation on Pain, Cervical Range of Motion, and Upper Trapezius Muscle Activity in Patients with Chronic Nonspecific Neck Pain and Functional Dyspepsia: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study

Table 2

Mean and standard deviation (SD) and interactions (ANOVA) of the values of cervical ROM and pain, obtained pretreatment (T1), immediately posttreatment (T2), and 7 days after treatment (T3).

Osteopathic Visceral Manipulation Group
(Mean±SD)
Placebo Manipulation Group
(mean±SD)
Anova test interations
T1T2T3T1T2T3TreatmentTreatment vs groups
p valueEffect sizep valueEffect size

Cervical ROM (°)
Extension50.11±18.1059.59±19.6756.16±18.3157.05±11.3257.28±7.2557.85±8.080.030.120.060.10
Flexion56.69±9.8557.19±10.3360.66±7.6157.88±15.9959.71±12.1260.45±13.910.070.090.630.01
Right Side Bending41.45±9.5047.04±10.1444.28±7.2943.31±8.0147.00±8.5847.33±8.270.010.150.620.01
Left Side Bending43.26±12.0246.40±10.3548.40±10.1046.49±11.2148.64±11.4747.73±8.200.040.110.330.04
Right Rotation63.85±10.7962.97±10.9161.33±11.0759.09±15.1756.80±14.6060.14±14.630.710.010.340.04
Left Rotation65.66±15.5864.33±9.5564.33±14.635959.61±15.6261.16±11.3361.00±13.660.99<0.0010.760.01

Pain Analysis
NPRS5.85±1.484.39±1.863.21±2.085.82±1.574.50±1.964.71±1.72<0.0010.580.0040.21
Area 6.11±0.905.50±1.024.43±2.115.54±0.855.00±0.775.05±0.83<0.0010.350.0080.17

Log-transformed values (arbitrary units).
Significantly different from T1 (p < 0.001).
† Significantly different from T3 (p < 0.001).